Association of raw fruit and fruit juice consumption with blood pressure: the INTERMAP Study

submitted by: loudegri
Background: Epidemiological evidence suggests that fruit consumption may lower the risk of cardiovascular diseases through blood pressure (BP)–lowering effects; little is known on the independent effect of raw fruit and fruit juice on BP. Objective: The objective was to quantify associations of raw fruit and fruit juice consumption with BP by using cross-sectional data from the INTERnational study on MAcro/micronutrients and blood Pressure (INTERMAP) of 4680 men and women aged...
Authors: Linda Oude Griep, Jeremiah Stamler, Queenie Chan, Linda Van Horn, Lyn Steffen, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Nagako Okuda, Liancheng Zhao, Martha Daviglus, Paul Elliott

Weight loss, weight maintenance, and adaptive thermogenesis

submitted by: stefancamps
Background: Diet-induced weight loss is accompanied by adaptive thermogenesis, ie, a disproportional or greater than expected reduction of resting metabolic rate (RMR). Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether adaptive thermogenesis is sustained during weight maintenance after weight loss. Design: Subjects were 22 men and 69 women [mean 6 SD age: 40 6 9 y; body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2): 31.9 6 3.0]. They followed a very-low-energy diet for 8 wk, followed by a...
Authors: Stefan Camps, Sanne Verhoef, Klaas Westerterp

Dietary patterns and risk of dementia in an elderly Japanese population: the Hisayama Study

submitted by: Mio
ABSTRACT Background: To our knowledge, there are no previous reports that assessed the association between dietary patterns and risk of dementia in Asian populations. Objective: We investigated dietary patterns and their potential association with risk of incident dementia in a general Japanese population. Design: A total of 1006 community-dwelling Japanese subjects without dementia, aged 60–79 y, were followed up for a median of 15 y. The reduced rank regression procedure was used to...
Authors: Mio Ozawa, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Tomoyuki Ohara, Yasufumi Doi, Kazuhiro Uchida, Tomoko Shirota, Koji Yonemoto, Takanari Kitazono, Yutaka Kiyohara

Fruit, Mediterranean-style, and high-fat and -sugar diets are associated with the risk of night sweats and hot flushes in midlife

submitted by: gcmherber
Background: Diet has been suggested to be a potential risk factor for vasomotor menopausal symptoms (VMS), i.e. hot flushes and night sweats. Objective: We investigated the associations between dietary patterns and risk of VMS using data from mid-aged women born between 1946 and 1951 in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health. Design: A prospective cohort study of 6,040 women with a natural menopause, who were followed up at three-year intervals over nine years. Dietary...
Authors: GCM Herber-Gast

Development of Tomato Non-Host to Tomato Virus through Targeted Mutagenomics and Bioinformatics Approaches

submitted by: UP Los Baños

Documentation of the special lecture on "Development of Tomato Non-Host to Tomato Virus through Targeted Mutagenomics and Bioinformatics Approaches" by Dr. Hayde Galvez, Assistant Professor, Crop Science Cluster-Institute of Plant Breeding, during a special seminar at the Agro-Soils-Horti Building on April 11, 2013.

Food Deserts and Childhood Obesity

submitted by: UP Los Baños

Documentation of the special lecture on "Food Deserts and Childhood Obesity" by Dr. Pedro A. Alviola IV, Adjunct Assistant Professor, University of Arkansas, during a special seminar at the College of Economics and Management Lecture Hall on April 15, 2013.