Strengthening the Palay Seed Systems in Southern Tagalog and Bicol Regions

submitted by: UP Los Baños

Documentation of the professorial chair lecture on "Strengthening the Palay Seed Systems in Southern Tagalog and Bicol Regions, Philippines" by Dr. Jose E. Hernandez, Professor, Crop Science Cluster, College of Agriculture on March 5, 2013 at the CSC Lecture Hall, ASH Building, UPLB, College, Laguna.

Vitamin D supplementation and calcium absorption during caloric restriction: a randomized double blind trial

submitted by: shapses
Background: Weight loss (WL) is associated with a decrease in calcium absorption and may be one mechanism that induces bone loss with weight reduction. Objective: Because vitamin D supplementation has been shown to increase true fractional calcium absorption (TFCA), the goal of this study was to examine the effect of vitamin D during WL or weight maintenance (WM). Design: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind 6-wk study was conducted in 82 postmenopausal women [BMI (in kg/...
Authors: Sue Shapses, Deeptha Sukumar, Stephen Schneider, Yvette Schlussel, Robert Sherrell, M Paul Field, Hasina Ambia-Sobhan

Defining UPLB’s Role in Philippine Plant Natural Products’ Research and Development in the Early 21st Century

submitted by: UP Los Baños

Documentation of the UPLB Centennial Professorial Lecture on "Defining UPLB’s Role in Philippine Plant Natural Products’ Research and Development in the Early 21st Century" by Dr. Lourdes B. Cardenas, Professor, Institute of Biological Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, UP Los Baños on February 26, 2013 at the SEARCA Drilon Hall, UPLB, College, Laguna, Philippines.

Is there a dose-response relation of dietary glycemic load to risk of type 2 diabetes? Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies

submitted by: Geoffrey Livesey
Background: Although much is known about the association between dietary glycemic load (GL) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), prospective cohort studies have not consistently shown a positive dose-response relation. Objective: We performed a comprehensive examination of evidence on the dose response that links GL to T2D and sources of heterogeneity among all prospective cohort studies on healthy adults available in the literature. Design: We conducted a systematic review of all prospective...
Authors: Geoffrey Livesey, Richard Taylor, Helen Livesey, Simin Liu

Cancer prevention: what is energy balance?

submitted by: mdanderson
What is energy balance? It may sound like a strange term, but it basically means equalizing the amount of calories you take in with how much you burn through exercise, metabolism and body processes. Since obesity is one of the leading causes of cancer, Carrie Daniel-MacDougall, Ph.D., M.P.H. and Susan Schembre, Ph.D., R.D., both assistant professors in Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences at MD Anderson Cancer Center, study behaviors and biological processes associated with linking...

Multivitamin-multimineral supplementation and mortality: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

submitted by: mpase
Background: Multivitamins are the most commonly used supplement in the developed world. Recent epidemiological findings suggest multivitamin use increases the risk of mortality. Objectives: We aimed to determine whether multivitamin-multimineral treatment, used for primary or secondary prevention, increases the risk of mortality in independently living adults. Methods: We performed a meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials. Multiple electronic databases were systematically searched...
Authors: Helen Macpherson, Andrew Pipingas, Matthew Pase