Geospatial Exposure to Point-of-Sale Tobacco: Real-time craving and smoking-cessation outcomes

submitted by: tomkirchner
Background: Little is known about the factors that drive the association between point-of-sale marketing and behavior, because methods that directly link individual-level use outcomes to real-world point-of-sale exposure are only now beginning to be developed. Purpose: Daily outcomes during smoking cessation were examined as a function of both real-time geospatial exposure to point-of-sale tobacco (POST) and subjective craving to smoke. Methods: Continuous individual geospatial location data...
Authors: Thomas Kirchner, Jennifer Cantrell, Andrew Anesetti-Rothermel, Ollie Ganz, Donna Vallone, David Abrams

A diet rich in high glucoraphanin broccoli interacts with genotype to reduce discordance in plasma metabolite profiles through modulating mitochondrial function

submitted by: Andrew Chapple
Background: Observational and experimental studies suggest that diets rich in cruciferous vegetables and glucosinolates may reduce the risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Objective: We tested the hypothesis that a 12-wk dietary intervention with high-glucoraphanin (HG) broccoli would modify biomarkers of CVD risk and plasma metabolite profiles to a greater extent than interventions with standard broccoli or peas. Design: Subjects were randomly assigned to consume 400 g...
Authors: Charlotte Armah, Maria Traka, Jack Dainty, Marianne Defernez, Astrid Janssens, Wing Leung, John Potter, Richard Mithen

GAP: A food control system harmonized among ASEAN Members States

submitted by: UP Los Baños

Documentation of the special seminar on "Good Agricultural Practices (GAP): A food control system harmonized among ASEAN Members State in support to the establishment of the ASEAN Economic Community" by Dr. Edralina P. Serrano, Professor, Crop Science Cluster, College of Agriculture, University of the Philippines Los Banos last Juy 25, 2013.

Offering a Curriculum on Inland Fisheries at UPLB: Why and How?

submitted by: UP Los Baños

Documentation of the lecture on "Offering a Curriculum on Inland Fisheries at UPLB: Why and How?" by Dr. Angel L. Lambio, Professor Emeritus, during the "Celebrating UPLB's Great Minds Lecture Series" on July 26, 2013 at the UPLB Operations Room, UPLB, College, Laguna

Cobalamin and haptocorrin in Human Milk and Cobalamin-related variables in mother and child: A 9-mo longitudinal study

submitted by: Eva Greibe
BACKGROUND:Measurement of milk cobalamin is hampered by the high content of the cobalamin-binding protein haptocorrin, and limited data are available relating trustworthy measures of milk cobalamin to cobalamin status in healthy mothers and their children. OBJECTIVES:The objectives were to explore the concentration of cobalamin and haptocorrin in foremilk and hindmilk during the first 9 mo of lactation and to relate these results to biomarkers of an impaired cobalamin status of mother and...
Authors: E Greibe, D Lildballe, S Streym, P Vestergaard, L Rejnmark, L Mosekilde, E Nexo

Age, dietary fiber, breath methane and fecal short chain fatty acids are interrelated in archaea positive humans

submitted by: Judlyn Fernandes
Recent attention has focused on the significance of colonic Archaea in human health and energy metabolism. The main objectives of this study were to determine the associations among the number of fecal Archaea, body mass index (BMI), fecal short chain fatty acid (SCFA) concentrations, and dietary intakes of healthy humans. We collected demographic information, 3-d diet records, and breath and fecal samples from 95 healthy participants who were divided into 2 groups: detectable Archaea...
Authors: Judlyn Fernandes, Angela Wang, Wen Su, Sari Rozenbloom, Amel Taibi, Elena Comelli, Thomas Wolever