Sucrose molecular structure

submitted by: nsf
Sucrose is table sugar—that ubiquitous sweet white crystal that sweetens our tea, coffee and apple pies, yet is also the villain blamed for tooth decay and other health issues. Through its Biological Sciences Directorate, NSF has funded Brian Ayre from the University of North Texas who studied the way sucrose produced in plant leaves through photosynthesis moved to and affected plant tissues. Sucrose is transported to tissues that are growing or accumulating storage reserves that can...

Glucose molecular structure

submitted by: nsf
Glucose, the simplest sugar, can be found in plants and is absorbed into bloodstreams during digestion. While most of us can be blissfully ignorant of our exact blood sugar levels after scarfing a Snickers, people who have diabetes or physicians with seriously injured patients need technology that provides accurate blood glucose data. Gymama Slaughter, an NSF-funded engineer at the University of Maryland Baltimore County, has created a new wireless, implantable sensor to monitor blood...

Fructose molecular structure

submitted by: nsf
Fructose, or fruit sugar, is found in tree fruits, honey and berries, though you may know it from its corn-based origins as the common ingredient high-fructose corn syrup. NSF-funded researchers are also looking at plant sugars as a potential fuel source. While the idea of plant-based fuels as an alternative to fossil fuels has been around for a while, engineers are finding new ways of getting bigger bio-based yields more cheaply. Xianghong Qian, a chemical engineer at the University of...

Pamela Ronald at the 2014 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting

submitted by: JGI

Pamela Ronald, UC Davis, at the 9th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 20, 2014 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

Steve Rounsley at the 2014 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting

submitted by: JGI

Steve Rounsley, University of Arizona, at the 9th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 20, 2014 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

Dietary actinidin from kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa cv. Hayward) increases gastric digestion and the gastric emptying rate of several dietary proteins in growing rats

submitted by: cmontoya
Dietary actinidin influences the extent to which some dietary proteins are digested in the stomach, and it is hypothesized that the latter modulation will in turn affect their gastric emptying rate (GE). In this study, the effect of dietary actinidin on GE and gastric digestion of 6 dietary protein sources was determined in growing rats. Each dietary protein source [beef muscle, gelatin, gluten, soy protein isolate (SPI), whey protein isolate, and zein] was included in 2 semisynthetic diets...
Authors: Carlos A. Montoya, Jason P. Hindmarsh, Lucrecia Gonzalez, Mike J. Boland, Paul J. Moughan, Shane M. Rutherfurd