1st Study of Trans Fats Ban in Annals of Internal Medicine

submitted by: YourUpdateTV

In 2006 New York City issued its unprecedented restrictions on the use of trans fats in fast food restaurants. Now the first study reporting the results of this restriction is being published in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Effect of alginate supplementation on weight loss in obese subjects completing a 12-wk energy-restricted diet: a randomized controlled trial

submitted by: mekr@life.ku.dk
Background: Acute studies with alginate-based preloads suggested that these strong gelling fibers may induce increased feelings of satiety and reduce energy intakes. However, the long-term efficacy and safety of alginate supplementation on body weight regulation are lacking. Objective: The primary aim of the study was to investigate the effects in subjects of alginate supplementation in conjunction with energy restriction (2300 kcal/d) on loss of body weight and fat and, second, on...
Authors: Morten Georg Jensen, Mette Kristensen, Arne Astrup

Changes in Erythrocyte Membrane Trans and Marine Fatty Acids between 1999 and 2006 in Older Americans.

submitted by: jpolreis
Over the last several years, national programs to lower the content of industrially produced (IP) C18:1 and C18:2 trans fatty acids in foods have been implemented, but whether this has resulted in lower blood trans fatty acid levels is unknown. Likewise, an increased perception of the health benefits of fish oils rich in EPA and DHA may have resulted in an increase in consumption and blood levels of these fatty acids. To explore these issues, we analyzed the changes in RBC fatty acid...
Authors: WS Harris, JV Pottala

Monomer and linkage type of galacto-oligosaccharides affects their resistance to ileal digestion and prebiotic properties in rats

submitted by: alfonso
A detailed study was performed to compare the in vivo ileal digestibility and modulatory effects in fecal microbiota of novel galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) derived from lactulose [GOS-Lu; degree of polymerization (DP) $2, 14.0% trisaccharides] and commercial GOS derived from lactose (GOS-La; DP $3, 35.1% trisaccharides) in growing rats (5 wk old). Rats were fed either a control diet or diets containing 1% (wt:wt) of GOS-Lu or GOS-La for 14 d. Quantitative analysis of carbohydrates from...
Authors: Alfonso Clemente

Role of Video Games in Improving Health-Related Outcomes

submitted by: brianprimack
Context: Video games represent amultibillion-dollar industry in the U.S. Although video gaming has been associated with many negative health consequences, it also may be useful for therapeutic purposes. The goal of this study was to determine whether video games may be useful in improving health outcomes. Evidence acquisition: Literature searches were performed in February 2010 in six databases: the Center on Media and Child Health Database of Research, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, EMBASE,...
Authors: Brian A. Primack, Mary V. Carroll, Megan McNamara, Mary Lou Klem, Brandy King, Michael Rich, Chun W. Chan, Smita Nayak

Effects of n-6 PUFAs compared with SFAs on liver fat, lipoproteins, and inflammation in abdominal obesity: a randomized controlled trial

submitted by: Iggman
ABSTRACT Background: Replacing SFAs with vegetable PUFAs has cardiometabolic benefits, but the effects on liver fat are unknown. Increased dietary n-6 PUFAs have, however, also been proposed to promote inflammation—a yet unproven theory. Objective: We investigated the effects of PUFAs on liver fat, systemic inflammation, and metabolic disorders. Design: We randomly assigned 67 abdominally obese subjects (15% had type 2 diabetes) to a 10-wk isocaloric diet high in vegetable n-6...
Authors: Helena Bjermo