Farm to School, San Diego: Promising programs with unequivocal barriers

submitted by: lanceb0085
Farm to School Programs are positively linked to great environmental, and public health benefits and as such have become ideal models to implement into San Diego schools. However, there are only very limited types of foods being delivered to these schools, which means they still must rely on other outside sources for schoolchildren’s meals. This study sought to determine if lack of food processing infrastructure was the reason that there is a very limited range of foods available in Farm...

Farmers' Markets as Community-Based Health Interventions

submitted by: sal014
This research project set out to determine whether a farmers' market can serve as an effective intervention in the prevention of chronic diseases such as diabetes and obesity through expansion of access to fresh fruits and vegetables in communities with high levels of food insecurity. The use of a farmers' market as a community-based health intervention appeared to be a successful tool in the community of City Heights. Implementation of a farmers' market in similar communities may also...

Obesity Promoting Food Environments and the Spatial Clustering of Food Outlets Around Schools

submitted by: peterday
Background: The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in school-aged children is potentially linked to contextual influences such as the food environment around schools. The proximity of fast-food and convenience stores to schools may enhance access to unhealthy foods and have a negative impact on diet. Purpose: This study used spatial cluster analysis to determine whether food outlets are clustered around schools and evaluated the extent of food outlet clustering by school...
Authors: Jamie Pearce, Peter Day

Measuring the Quality of Public Open Space Using Google Earth

submitted by: Bronwen_Taylor
Background: Proximity to public open space, such as parks and other green spaces, has considerable health benef?ts, and people have been shown to be more likely to use such space for physical activity if it is of high quality. This paper describes a new remote-assessment approach that makes use of Google Earth Pro (the free version of this program is Google Earth) to provide rapid and inexpensive measurement of the quality of public open space. Purpose: The aim of the study was to...
Authors: Bronwen Taylor, Peter Fernando, Adrian Bauman, Anna Williamson, Jonathan Craig, Sally Redman

Integration of Short Bouts of Physical Activity Into Organizational Routine

submitted by: producerjbev
Context Recommended daily physical activity accumulated in short intervals (e.g., <10 minutes) may be more feasible and appealing to the relatively sedentary populace than longer bouts. The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic review of the evidence for the effectiveness of short activity bouts incorporated into organizational routine as part of the regular “conduct of business.” Evidence acquisition PubMed, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar databases were searched in August...
Authors: Deheia Barr-anderson, Mona Auyoung, Melicia Whitt-glover, Beth Glenn, Antronette Yancey

Sunscreen prevention of melanoma in man and mouse

submitted by: hlpklug

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Authors: Glenn Merlino, Edward c De fabo, Margaret a Tucker, Heather lp Klug, Thomas r Fears, Miriam r Anver, Frances p Noonan, Cari Graff-cherry, Janet a Tooze

The Bikeability and Walkability Evaluation Table: Reliability and Application

submitted by: shoedl
Background: With increased research on the influence of the built environment on physical activity, methods of assessing environmental attributes have to be developed according to different research requirements. Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the approach to develop and test a simple and eff?cient audit tool to get a quick overview of environmental characteristics along a route or in a neighborhood. Methods: Based on a selection of existing audit instruments, the...
Authors: Simon Hoedl, Sylvia Titze, Pekka Oja

Saving Young Lives in Zambia

submitted by: busph
Anti-malarial drugs are being used inappropriately for sick children in Zambia -- a problem that can be addressed by arming community health workers with a simple rapid-diagnostic test and a supply of antibiotics, a study led by researchers at Boston University School of Public Health has found. Listen to Kojo Yeboah-Antwi, assistant professor of international health at BUSPH, and David Hamer, professor of international health at BUSPH, discuss the study. Learn more at...

Intake of artificially sweetened soft drinks and risk of preterm delivery:a prospective cohort study in 59,334 Danish pregnant women

submitted by: thih45
BACKGROUND: Sugar-sweetened soft drinks have been linked to a number of adverse health outcomes such as high weight gain. Therefore, artificially sweetened soft drinks are often promoted as an alternative. However, the safety of artificial sweeteners has been disputed, and consequences of high intakes of artificial sweeteners for pregnant women have been minimally addressed. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between intakes of sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened soft drinks and...
Authors: Thorhallur Halldorsson

Combined iron/folic acid supplements and malaria prophylaxis reduce neonatal mortality in 19 sub-Saharan African countries

submitted by: christiana.titaley
Background: In nonmalaria regions, iron/folic acid supplementation during pregnancy protects newborns against preterm delivery and early neonatal death. Other studies from malaria-endemic areas have reported an adverse effect of iron supplements on malaria prevalence in pregnant women. Objective: We examined the association between iron/folic acid supplements and prenatal antimalaria prophylaxis on neonatal mortality in malaria-endemic countries of sub-Saharan Africa. Design: This...
Authors: Christine l Roberts, Michael j Dibley, Christiana r Titaley, Kingsley Agho