Projected effects of tobacco smoking on worldwide tuberculosis control: mathematical modelling analysis

submitted by: ucsfnews
BMJ 2011; 343:d5506 http://bmj.com/cgi/content/full/bmj.d5506 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21972295 ABSTRACT We constructed a state transition, compartmental, mathematical model of tuberculosis epidemics to estimate the impact of alternative future smoking trends on tuberculosis control. We projected tuberculosis incidence, prevalence, and mortality in each World Health Organization region from 2010 to 2050, and incorporated changing trends in smoking, case detection,...

Industry Progress to Market a Healthful Diet to American Children and Adolescents

submitted by: Vivica Kraak
Context: The IOM released an expert committee report in 2005 that assessed the nature, extent, and influence of food and beverage marketing practices on the diets and health of American children and adolescents. The report concluded that prevailing marketing practices did not support a healthful diet and offered recommendations for diverse stakeholders to promote a healthful diet. The investigators evaluated progress made by food, beverage, and restaurant companies; trade associations;...
Authors: Vivica Kraak, Mary Story, Ellen Wartella, Jaya Ginter

Sitting and Health American Journal of Preventive Medicine

submitted by: abauman

American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Special Issue, Sitting and Health. Volume 41, Issue 2. August 2011.

Effects of active video games on body composition: a randomized controlled trial

submitted by: Lfoley
Background: Sedentary activities such as video gaming are independently associated with obesity. Active video games, in which players physically interact with images on screen, may help increase physical activity and improve body composition. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of active video games over a 6-mo period on weight, body composition, physical activity, and physical fitness. Design: We conducted a 2-arm, parallel, randomized controlled trial in...
Authors: Anthony Rodgers, Maea Hohepa, Harry Prapavessis, Andrew Jull, Yannan Jiang, Cliona Ni mhurchu, Louise Foley, Ralph Maddison

The Effectiveness of the FLU-FOBT Program in Primary Care: A Randomized Trial

submitted by: MBPotter
Background: The FLU–FOBT Program is an intervention in which nurses provide home fecal occult blood tests (FOBTs) to eligible patients during annual influenza vaccination (FLU) campaigns. The effectiveness of the FLU–FOBT Program when implemented during primary care visits has not been extensively studied. Purpose: The effectiveness of the FLU–FOBT Program was tested as adapted for use during primary care visits in community clinics serving multiethnic patients with low baseline...
Authors: Michael b. Potter

Food Portion Patterns and Trends among U.S. Children and the Relationship to Total Eating Occasion Size, 1977–2006

submitted by: carmenpiernas
Abstract Food and beverage portion sizes are related to childhood obesity. We examined trends in food portion sizes and the association with total meal sizes among U.S. children. We selected children 2- to 18-y-old (n = 31,337) from 4 nationally representative surveys of food intake between 1977–1978 and 2003–2006. We assessed portion sizes (kcal and g) of selected key foods (soft/fruit drinks, salty snacks, desserts, French fries, burgers, pizzas, Mexican fast foods, and hot dogs),...
Authors: Carmen Piernas, Barry Popkin

What do cigarette pack colors communicate to smokers in the US?

submitted by: mabansal
Background: New legislation in the U.S. prohibits tobacco companies from labeling cigarette packs with terms such as light, mild, or low after June 2010. However, experience from countries that have removed these descriptors suggests that different terms, colors, or numbers communicating the same messages may replace them. Purpose: The main purpose of this study was to examine how cigarette pack colors are perceived by smokers to correspond to different descriptive terms. Methods:...
Authors: Brian Fix, Richard O'connor, Maansi Bansal-travers, K. michael Cummings

What's For Dinner? Assessing Food Sources in the Diamond District of Southeastern San Diego

submitted by: a6gel

Food justice in Southeast San Diego. Demographics, household income, asset maps of food sources and survey results of resident interviews.

Disease Pattern of HIV/AIDS in Hillcrest as Influenced by Social Factors

submitted by: Hien Thach
HIV/AIDS has been known to create social injustice, and political instability in many cities and countries. The purpose of this study is to determine how societal factors: social capital, social networks, and physical space, influence the effectiveness of healthcare organizations in Hillcrest. By understanding the roles of the organizations, the study provides evidence of correlation, allowing healthcare providers and public health workers a study that can help implement...

Public Health in Age of Globalization: Case Study Senegal

submitted by: mdiakhat

Understanding the political, cultural, and social implications necessary to develop efficient public health institutions in the developing world.