School Lunch Waste Among Middle School Students: Nutrients Consumed and Costs

submitted by: Jfwcohen
Background: The National School Lunch Program has been guided by modest nutrient standards, and the palatability of meals, which drives consumption, receives inadequate attention. School food waste can have important nutritional and cost implications for policymakers, students, and their families. Purpose: Nutrient losses and economic costs associated with school meal waste were examined. The study also assessed if school foods served were valid proxies for foods consumed by students....
Authors: Juliana Cohen, Scott Richardson, S. Bryn Austin, Christina Economos, Eric Rimm

Does transportation mode modify associations between distance to food store, fruit and vegetable consumption, and BMI in low-income neighborhoods?

submitted by: fuller.daniel
Background: A consistent body of research has shown that the neighborhood food environment is associated with fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption and obesity in deprived neighborhoods in the United States. However, these studies have often neglected to consider how transportation can moderate associations between food accessibility and diet-related outcomes. Objective: This study examined associations between distance to primary food store, fruit and vegetable consumption, and BMI...
Authors: Daniel Fuller, Steven Cummins, Stephen Matthews

Jews and Arabs in the same region in Israel exhibit major differences in dietary patterns

submitted by: kathleena
The Jewish majority and Arab minority populations in Israel exhibit disparities in nutrition-related chronic diseases, but comparative population-based dietary studies are lacking. We evaluated ethnic differences in dietary patterns in a population-based cross-sectional study of Arab and Jewish urban adults (n=1,104; aged 25-74 y). Dietary intake was assessed with an interviewer-administered quantified FFQ. We used principal-component analysis to identify 4 major dietary patterns: Ethnic,...
Authors: K Abu-Saad, H Murad, F Lubin, LS Freedman, A Ziv, G Alpert, A Atamna, O Kalter-Leibovici

A Health Dividend for America: The Opportunity Cost of Excess Medical Expenditures

submitted by: frederick.zimmerman

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Authors: Jeffrey McCullough, Frederick Zimmerman, Jonathan Fielding, Steven Teutsch

Maternal Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Status but not Prenatal Methylmercury exposure is associated with Children’s Language Functions at Age Five Years in the Seychelles

submitted by: msmulhern
Evidence from the Seychelles Child Development Nutrition Study suggests that maternal nutritional status can modulate the relationship between prenatal methylmercury (MeHg) exposure and developmental outcomes in children. The aim of this study was to investigate whether maternal PUFA status was a confounding factor in any possible associations between prenatal MeHg exposure and developmental outcomes at 5 y of age in the Republic of Seychelles. Maternal status of (n-3) and (n-6) PUFA were...
Authors: JJ Strain, Philip W Davidson, Sally W Thurston, Donald Harrington, Maria S Mulhern, Alison J McAfee, Edwin van Wijngaarden, Conrad F Shamlaye, Juliette Henderson, Gene E Watson, Grazyna Zareba, Deborah A Cory-Slechta, Miranda Lynch, Julie M W Wallace, Emeir M McSorley, Maxine P Bonham, Abbie Stokes-Riner, Jean Sloan-Reeves, Joanne Janciuras, Rosa Wong

Unmetabolized folic acid prevalence is widespread in the older Irish population despite the lack of a mandatory fortification program

submitted by: MaryRose
BACKGROUND: In 2006 the Food Safety Authority of Ireland recommended mandatory folic acid fortification of flour for the prevention of neural tube defects in addition to the existing extensive voluntary folic acid fortification culture in place there. This recommendation is now suspended until further scientific evidence surrounding safety becomes available. The safety issues include concerns about the masking of vitamin B-12 deficiency and potential cancer acceleration, both of which may...
Authors: Andrew Boilson, Anthony Staines, Cecily C Kelleher, Leslie Daly, Shirley Ivan, Aakash Shrivastava, Steven B Bailey, Patricia B Alverson, June E Ayling, Anne ParleMcDermott, Aoife MacCooey, John M Scott, Mary Rose Sweeney

Rita Colwell (University of Maryland) at the 2012 SFAF Meeting

submitted by: JGI

Rita Colwell on "Experimental Reservoirs of Human Pathogens: The Vibrio cholerae paradigm" at the 2012 Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future Meeting held June 5-7, 2012 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Energy intake and expenditure during sedentary screen time and motion-controlled video gaming

submitted by: LIZ_LYONS
BACKGROUND: Television watching and playing of video games (VGs) are associated with higher energy intakes. Motion-controlled video games (MC) may be a healthier alternative to sedentary screen-based activities because of higher energy expenditures, but little is known about the effects of these games on energy intakes. OBJECTIVE: Energy intake, expenditure, and surplus (intake - expenditure) were compared during sedentary (television and VG) and active (MC) screen-time use. DESIGN: Young...
Authors: Elizabeth Lyons, Deborah Tate, Dianne Ward, Xiaoshan Wang

Prepregnancy adherence to dietary patterns and lower risk of gestational diabetes mellitus

submitted by: dtobias
Abstract BACKGROUND: Previous studies observed inverse associations of adherence to the alternate Mediterranean (aMED), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and alternate Healthy Eating Index (aHEI) dietary patterns with risk of type 2 diabetes; however, their associations with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk are unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess usual prepregnancy adherence to well-known dietary patterns and GDM risk. DESIGN: Our study included 21,376...
Authors: Deirdre Tobias, Cuilin Zhang, Jorge Chavarro, Katherine Bowers, Janet Rich-Edwards, Bernard Rosner, Dariush Mozaffarian, Frank Hu

Randomized controlled trial of 4 compared with 6 mo of exclusive breastfeeding in Iceland: differences in breast-milk intake by stable-isotope probe.

submitted by: jonathanwells
BACKGROUND: The WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for 6 mo after birth. However, the time at which breast milk ceases to provide adequate energy and nutrition, requiring the introduction of complementary foods, remains unclear. Most studies that investigated this issue were observational and potentially confounded by variability in social circumstances or infant growth. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that EBF infants would consume more breast milk at age 6 mo than infants receiving...
Authors: Jonathan Wells, Olof Jonsdottir, Patricia Hibberd, Mary Fewtrell, Inga Thorsdottir, Simon Eaton, Alan Lucas, Geir Gunnlaugsson, Ronald Kleinman