Belief beyond the evidence: using the presumed effect of breakfast on obesity

submitted by: awbrown
Background: Various intentional and unintentional factors in?uence beliefs beyond what scienti?c evidence justi?es. Two such factors are research lacking probative value (RLPV) and biased research reporting (BRR). Objective: We investigated the prevalence of RLPV and BRR in research about the proposition that skipping breakfast causes weight gain, which is called the proposed effect of breakfast on obesity (PEBO) in this article. Design: Studies related to the PEBO were synthesized...
Authors: David Allison, Michelle Bohan Brown, Andrew Brown

Firing up innate immunity to stop asthma attacks

submitted by: mdanderson
The National Institutes of Health will provide $2.4 million to an MD Anderson researcher to advance a completely new approach to stifling asthma attacks. Scott Evans, M.D., of MD Anderson's Department of Pulmonary Medicine, was named an NIH New Innovator for his proposal to jump-start a rapid immune response to stymie viral infections before they can provoke asthma attacks. "Asthma affects 8 percent of Americans -- 26 million adults and children -- and its incidence continues to grow for...

Use it or lose it: Eating and swallowing exercises show benefit in throat cancer patients

submitted by: mdanderson

Kate Hutcheson, Ph.D., assistant professor in the Department of Head and Neck Surgery, discusses a new study examining the benefits of swallowing and eating exercises for patients undergoing radiation and chemotherapy for head and neck cancers.

Why are HPV-related oral cancers on the rise?

submitted by: mdanderson

The number of oral cancer cases is increasing significantly due largely to the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted disease that's most commonly spread through oral sex.

By 2020, HPV may cause more cases of throat cancer than cervical cancer.

Watch Erich Sturgis, M.D., professor of Head and Neck Surgery at MD Anderson, talk about why HPV-related oral cancers, including throat cancer, are becoming more common.

Monitoring Long-Term Global Climate Change with Ion Chromatography

submitted by: Chrom Solutions
The British Antarctic Survey (BAS) is a leading environmental research center that focuses on the United Kingdom’s national scientific activities in Antarctica. Some of their current research includes long-term monitoring of global climate change via ice core sample analysis of the polar ice caps in both Antarctica and Greenland. In this video, Dr. Ailsa Benton, Ice Core Analytical Scientist at with the BAS, describes her research and how BAS scientists are able to analyze essential anions...

The Nature Explorers Chiricahua Part 11 of 12

submitted by: thenatureexplorers

Chiricahua is a "Sky Island" region that supports a variety of wildlife, some of which are more commonly thought of as denizens of subtropical habitats in Mexico or Central America. Even in February with snow and temperatures as low as -10°F we still found a cornucopia of nature, turkeys, woodpeckers, centipedes, pines, yuccas, agaves, and more.