History of Medicine. Plague and Vampirism in the Middle Ages.

submitted by: camdic
The Nachzehrer would be a special kind of vampire who lives in a constant state of numbness in his grave, without understanding what is happening around and just like a child, chewing spasmodically his dress. Martin Böhm wrote in 1601: "We have seen in times of the plague how dead people especially women - who have died of the plague make smacking noises in their graves, like a pig that is eating, and that while this smacking is going on the plague becomes much worse, usually in the...

MWV #81 - Sheldon Campbell - The Singing Microbiologist

submitted by: MicrobeWorld
Sheldon Campbell sings about microbiology. Dr. Campbell teaches microbiology at Yale School of Medicine and he uses music to enhance his lectures. He has one song for every block of lectures he gives on a major topic. Songs he's written include a song about fungi, tick borne disease, tuberculosis and one that reviews all of microbiology in eight minutes. Dr. Campbell hasn't done any testing to see his songs are more effective at getting his message across but he does get the occasional...

Maternal knowledge following nutrition behavior change communication is conditional upon both health workers’ knowledge and knowledge sharing efficacy in rural Haiti

submitted by: mduduzi
In the context of a food assistance program in rural Haiti, we developed measures of the effectiveness of community health worker (CHW)-delivered behavior change communication (BCC). We administered knowledge tests to 954 mothers and 38 CHWs to define 4 measures: CHW knowledge, maternal knowledge, knowledge-sharing efficacy (proportion of CHW knowledge shared), and shared correct knowledge between the CHWs and the mothers with whom they interacted. On the basis of the tests, CHWs had high...
Authors: Mduduzi Mbuya

Belief beyond the evidence: using the presumed effect of breakfast on obesity

submitted by: awbrown
Background: Various intentional and unintentional factors in?uence beliefs beyond what scienti?c evidence justi?es. Two such factors are research lacking probative value (RLPV) and biased research reporting (BRR). Objective: We investigated the prevalence of RLPV and BRR in research about the proposition that skipping breakfast causes weight gain, which is called the proposed effect of breakfast on obesity (PEBO) in this article. Design: Studies related to the PEBO were synthesized...
Authors: David Allison, Michelle Bohan Brown, Andrew Brown

Firing up innate immunity to stop asthma attacks

submitted by: mdanderson
The National Institutes of Health will provide $2.4 million to an MD Anderson researcher to advance a completely new approach to stifling asthma attacks. Scott Evans, M.D., of MD Anderson's Department of Pulmonary Medicine, was named an NIH New Innovator for his proposal to jump-start a rapid immune response to stymie viral infections before they can provoke asthma attacks. "Asthma affects 8 percent of Americans -- 26 million adults and children -- and its incidence continues to grow for...

Use it or lose it: Eating and swallowing exercises show benefit in throat cancer patients

submitted by: mdanderson

Kate Hutcheson, Ph.D., assistant professor in the Department of Head and Neck Surgery, discusses a new study examining the benefits of swallowing and eating exercises for patients undergoing radiation and chemotherapy for head and neck cancers.