Health effect of the New Nordic Diet in adults with increased waist circumference: a 6-mo randomized controlled trial.

submitted by: skp
BACKGROUND: The regional Mediterranean Diet has been associated with lower risk of disease. OBJECTIVE: We tested the health effects of the New Nordic Diet (NND), which is a gastronomically driven regional, organic, and environmentally friendly diet, in a carefully controlled but free-living setting. DESIGN: A total of 181 centrally obese men and women, with a mean (range) age of 42 y (20-66 y), body mass index (in kg/m(2)) of 30.2 (22.6-47.3), and waist circumference of 100 cm (80-138...
Authors: Sanne Kellebjerg Poulsen, Anette Due, Andreas Jordy, Bente Kiens, Ken D Stark, Steen Stender, Claus Holst, Arne Astrup, Thomas Meinert Larsen

DIETARY MAGNESIUM INTAKE IS INVERSELY ASSOCIATED WITH MORTALITY IN ADULTS AT HIGH CARDIOVASCULAR RISK

submitted by: Marta Guasch
The relation between dietary magnesium intake and cardiovascular disease or mortality has been evaluated in several prospective studies, but few of them have assessed the risk of all-cause mortality, which has never been evaluated in Mediterranean adults at high cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to assess the association between magnesium intake and cardiovascular disease and mortality risk, in a Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk with high average magnesium...
Authors: Marta Guasch-Ferré, Mònica Bulló, Ramon Estruch, Dolores Corella, Miguel A Martínez-González, Emilio Ros, Maribel Covas, Fernando Arós, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Miquel Fiol, José Lapetra, Miguel A Muñoz, Lluís Serra-Majem, Nancy Babio, Xavier Pintó, Rosa M Lamuela-Raventós, Valentina Ruiz-Gutíerrez, Jordi Salas-Salvadó

Active Travel to Work and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in the United Kingdom

submitted by: samwong
Background: Increasing active travel (walking, cycling, public transport) is increasingly seen as integral to strategies to raise physical activity levels. Purpose: This study examined (1) sociodemographic correlates of active travel to work and (2) associations between active travel and cardiovascular risk factors in the United Kingdom (UK). Methods: Data come from Understanding Society, a nationally representative survey of UK residents in 2009/2011, analyzed in 2012. Multinomial...
Authors: Anthony Laverty, Jennifer Mindell, Elizabeth Webb, Christopher Millett

Weight-loss diets in people with type 2 diabetes and renal disease: a randomized controlled trial of the effect of different dietary protein amounts

submitted by: Peter Clifton
ABSTRACT Background: Higher-protein weight-loss diets (defined as >25% of energy as protein) are not recommended for individuals with type 2 diabetes because of their potential adverse effect on renal function. Objective: We aimed to examine the effect of such diets on renal function over 12 mo in people with type 2 diabetes and early renal disease. Design: Overweight and obese people with type 2 diabetes were screened to identify those with an albumin:creatinine ratio from 3 to...
Authors: David Jesudason, Eva Pedersen, Peter Clifton

Effect of periodontal disease on diabetes: systematic review of epidemiologic observational evidence

submitted by: WSB
Background: Periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus are common, chronic diseases worldwide. Epidemiologic and biologic evidence suggests periodontal disease may affect diabetes. Objective: To systematically review non-experimental, epidemiologic evidence for effects of periodontal disease on diabetes control, complications, and incidence. Data sources: Electronic bibliographic databases, supplemented by hand searches of recent and future issues of relevant journals. Study eligibility...
Authors: Wenche S. Borgnakke, Pekka V. Ylostalo, George W. Taylor, Robert R. Genco

Effects of energy-restricted high-protein, low-fat compared with standard-protein, low-fat diets: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

submitted by: tom_witches
Background: It is currently unclear whether altering the carbohydrate-to-protein ratio of low-fat, energy-restricted diets augments weight loss and cardiometabolic risk markers. Objective: The objective was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that compared energy-restricted, isocaloric, high-protein, low-fat (HP) diets with standard-protein, low-fat (SP) diets on weight loss, body composition, resting energy expenditure (REE), satiety and appetite, and...
Authors: Thomas Wycherley, Lisa Moran, Peter Clifton, Manny Noakes, Grant Brinkworth

Jews and Arabs in the same region in Israel exhibit major differences in dietary patterns

submitted by: kathleena
The Jewish majority and Arab minority populations in Israel exhibit disparities in nutrition-related chronic diseases, but comparative population-based dietary studies are lacking. We evaluated ethnic differences in dietary patterns in a population-based cross-sectional study of Arab and Jewish urban adults (n=1,104; aged 25-74 y). Dietary intake was assessed with an interviewer-administered quantified FFQ. We used principal-component analysis to identify 4 major dietary patterns: Ethnic,...
Authors: K Abu-Saad, H Murad, F Lubin, LS Freedman, A Ziv, G Alpert, A Atamna, O Kalter-Leibovici

Ideal cardiovascular Health and Mortality: The Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study

submitted by: WentzMR
Dr. Carl (Chip) Lavie, Professor of Medicine in the Department of Cardiovascular Diseases at the John Ochsner Heart & Vascular Institute, Ochsner Clinical School and University of Queensland School of Medicine in New Orleans, LA, discusses his article coauthored with Dr. Enrique G. Artero and others, appearing in the October 2012 issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings, where he reviews the 7 American Heart Association’s 2020 goals for ideal cardiovascular health as seen in a middle-aged,...

1st Study of Trans Fats Ban in Annals of Internal Medicine

submitted by: YourUpdateTV

In 2006 New York City issued its unprecedented restrictions on the use of trans fats in fast food restaurants. Now the first study reporting the results of this restriction is being published in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Greater whole-grain intake is associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and weight gain

submitted by: sarachacko
Whole-grain and high fiber intakes are routinely recommended for prevention of vascular diseases; however, there are no comprehensive and quantitative assessments of available data in humans. The aim of this study was to systematically examine longitudinal studies investigating whole-grain and fiber intake in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), cardiovascular disease (CVD), weight gain, and metabolic risk factors. We identified 45 prospective cohort studies and 21...
Authors: Sara A. Chacko, Eva Qing Ye, Elizabeth L. Chou, Matthew Kugizaki, Simin Liu