Novel cell-based and materials science approach to target Glioblastoma brain cancer tumors

submitted by: nsf

Stefan Bossmann and Deryl Troyer at Kansas State University are developing a novel materials treatment method for persons with brain cancer that uses a type of white blood cell to deliver anticancer drugs to particularly virulent brain tumors.

Melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 polymorphisms are associated with components of energy balance in the CODING study

submitted by: bfontain
BACKGROUND: The melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 (MCHR1) is a G protein-coupled receptor that regulates energy balance and body composition in animal models. Inconsistent effects of MCHR1 polymorphisms on energy homeostasis in humans may partly be attributable to environmental factors. OBJECTIVES: We examined the effect of 4 single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs133073, rs133074, rs9611386, and rs882111) in the MCHR1 gene on body composition as well as energy-related lifestyle...
Authors: Bénédicte Fontaine-Bisson, James Thorburn, Anne Gregory, Hongwei Zhang, Guang Sun

Fundamental principles in periodontal plastic surgery and mucosal augmentation - a narrative review

submitted by: Rino
Aim: To provide a narrative review of the current literature elaborating on fun- damental principles of periodontal plastic surgical procedures. Methods: Based on a presumptive outline of the narrative review, MESH terms have been used to search the relevant literature electronically in the PubMed and Cochrane Collaboration databases. If possible, systematic reviews were included. The review is divided into three phases associated with periodontal plastic sur- gery: a) pre-operative...
Authors: Rino Burkhardt

Science Behind the News: Influenza & Flu Vaccines

submitted by: nsf

Every flu season, Americans battle coughs, fevers and body aches. The flu is a respiratory illness caused by a virus, a pathogen that causes disease in the human body. To understand how the flu is caught, spread and treated, Duke University's Katia Koelle explains the biology of a virus and how it is transmitted. "Science Behind the News" is produced in partnership with NBC Learn.

Provided by the National Science Foundation & NBC Learn

Science Behind the News: Drug-Resistant Bacteria

submitted by: nsf

As disease-causing bacteria becomes increasingly resistant to antibiotics, scientists like Erin Carlson from Indiana University are turning to natural sources to find new medicines. "Science Behind the News” is produced in partnership with NBC Learn.

Provided by the National Science Foundation & NBC Learn

Health effect of the New Nordic Diet in adults with increased waist circumference: a 6-mo randomized controlled trial.

submitted by: skp
BACKGROUND: The regional Mediterranean Diet has been associated with lower risk of disease. OBJECTIVE: We tested the health effects of the New Nordic Diet (NND), which is a gastronomically driven regional, organic, and environmentally friendly diet, in a carefully controlled but free-living setting. DESIGN: A total of 181 centrally obese men and women, with a mean (range) age of 42 y (20-66 y), body mass index (in kg/m(2)) of 30.2 (22.6-47.3), and waist circumference of 100 cm (80-138...
Authors: Sanne Kellebjerg Poulsen, Anette Due, Andreas Jordy, Bente Kiens, Ken D Stark, Steen Stender, Claus Holst, Arne Astrup, Thomas Meinert Larsen