Responsive Neurostimulation to Control Partial Epileptic Seizure

submitted by: mcgheek
Jonathan C. Edwards, M.D., Director of MUSC's Comprehensive Epilepsy Center, who participated in the clinical trial that led to recent FDA approval of responsive neurostimulation (RNS) for partial epileptic seizure, discusses how RNS offers for the first time two-way communication with the brain. The RNS device first records seizure activity and, once the electronic signature of a patient's seizures is identified, is programmed to recognize and disrupt that signature.Read “Conversing with...

Unrelated Donor Bone Marrow Transplant for Sickle Cell Disease

submitted by: mcgheek
Jennifer Jaroscak, M.D., of MUSC Children's Hospital discusses bone marrow transplant (BMT) as a cure for patients with sickle cell disease. She describes a new reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen being trialed at MUSC for BMTs from well-matched unrelated donors in the SCURT study. RIC is safer for unrelated donor transplant because, unlike myeloablative BMTs, it suppresses but does not destroy the patient's bone marrow. Find out more about the SCURT study and reduced-intensity...

Adherence to a Vegetable-Fruit-Soy Dietary Pattern or the Alternative Healthy Eating Index Is Associated with Lower Hip Fracture Risk among Singapore Chinese

submitted by: schs
Data on overall dietary pattern and osteoporotic fracture risk from population-based cohorts are limited, especially from Asian populations. This study examined the relation between overall diet and hip fracture risk by using principal components analysis (PCA) to identify dietary pattern specific to the study population and by using the Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI) 2010 to assess dietary quality. The Singapore Chinese Health Study is a prospective population-based cohort that...
Authors: Zhaoli Dai, Lesley M. Butler, Rob M. van Dam, Li-Wei Ang, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh

Dietary actinidin from kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa cv. Hayward) increases gastric digestion and the gastric emptying rate of several dietary proteins in growing rats

submitted by: cmontoya
Dietary actinidin influences the extent to which some dietary proteins are digested in the stomach, and it is hypothesized that the latter modulation will in turn affect their gastric emptying rate (GE). In this study, the effect of dietary actinidin on GE and gastric digestion of 6 dietary protein sources was determined in growing rats. Each dietary protein source [beef muscle, gelatin, gluten, soy protein isolate (SPI), whey protein isolate, and zein] was included in 2 semisynthetic diets...
Authors: Carlos A. Montoya, Jason P. Hindmarsh, Lucrecia Gonzalez, Mike J. Boland, Paul J. Moughan, Shane M. Rutherfurd

Soft tissue wound healing around teeth and dental implants

submitted by: zmkbern
Abstract Aim: To provide an overview on the biology and soft tissue wound healing around teeth and dental implants. Material and Methods: This narrative review focuses on cell biology and histology of soft tissue wounds around natural teeth and dental implants. Results and conclusions: The available data indicate that: (a) Oral wounds follow a similar pattern. (b) The tissue specificities of the gingival, alveolar and palatal mucosa appear to be innately and not necessarily functionally...
Authors: A Sculean, R Gruber, DD Bosshardt

Can you still exercise when you have cancer?

submitted by: mdanderson
Is it safe to exercise when you have cancer? Are there specific exercises that should be avoided or are there warning signs to stop your workout? Whether you’re an athlete or have never exercised, this advice is for the cancer patient/survivor who wants to increase longevity through exercise. Carol Harrison, senior exercise physiology technologist at MD Anderson Cancer Center, offers suggestions and shares information to help cancer survivors stay on track with their exercise programs.