Science Nation - Babies and Learning

submitted by: nsf
Are we pre-wired to know right from wrong or are we blank slates who learn solely by our exposure to the environment? The question isn't new, but by studying the behavior of newborns, psychologist Karen Wynn of Yale University believes she can get us closer to the answer. With support from the National Science Foundation, she is investigating the role an infant's social preferences play in how they learn from other people. Wynn and her team put on puppet shows for infants, with characters...

Graphic Warning Labels in Cigarette Advertisements: Recall and Viewing Patterns

submitted by: andrewstrasser
Background: The Family Smoking Prevention and Control Act gave the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) legal authority to mandate graphic warning labels on cigarette advertising and packaging. The FDA requires that these graphic warning labels be embedded into cigarette advertising and packaging by September 2012. Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine differences in recall and viewing patterns of text-only versus graphic cigarette warning labels and the association between...
Authors: Andrew Strasser

Early participation in prenatal food supplementation program ameliorates the negative association of food insecurity with quality of maternal-infant interaction

submitted by: afrith
Food insecurity is detrimental to child development, yet little is known about the combined influence of food insecurity and nutritional interventions on child development in low-income countries. We proposed that women assigned to an early invitation time to start a prenatal food supplementation program could reduce the negative influence of food insecurity on maternal-infant interaction. A cohort of 180 mother-infant dyads were sampled (born between May and October 2003) from among 3267 in...
Authors: Amy Frith, Ruchira Naved, Lars Ake Persson, Kathleen Rasmussen, Edward Frongillo

Role of Video Games in Improving Health-Related Outcomes

submitted by: brianprimack
Context: Video games represent amultibillion-dollar industry in the U.S. Although video gaming has been associated with many negative health consequences, it also may be useful for therapeutic purposes. The goal of this study was to determine whether video games may be useful in improving health outcomes. Evidence acquisition: Literature searches were performed in February 2010 in six databases: the Center on Media and Child Health Database of Research, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, EMBASE,...
Authors: Brian A. Primack, Mary V. Carroll, Megan McNamara, Mary Lou Klem, Brandy King, Michael Rich, Chun W. Chan, Smita Nayak

"Горные фильмы как исторический источник по социальной психологии Веймарской республики".

submitted by: khlopov55
Панадин Илья Исследовательская работа на тему «Горные фильмы как исторический источник по социальной психологии Веймарской республики». Научный руководитель - Хлопов Михаил Владимирович Санкт-Петербург 2011-2012 ВВЕДЕНИЕ В прошлом году я участвовал с...

Aquariums Relieve Stress for Cancer Patients

submitted by: mdanderson

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center has 63 aquariums in waiting areas throughout its campus, three of them being saltwater fish. Employees at MD Anderson share their stories about the calming affects the aquariums have on its cancer patients, care givers, visitors and employees.