Benign Violations: Making Immoral Behavior Funny

submitted by: apmcgraw
Humor is an important, ubiquitous phenomenon; however, seemingly disparate conditions seem to facilitate humor. We integrate these conditions by suggesting that laughter and amusement result from violations that are simultaneously seen as benign. We investigated three conditions that make a violation benign and thus humorous: (a) the presence of an alternative norm suggesting that the situation is acceptable, (b) weak commitment to the violated norm, and (c) psychological distance from...
Authors: Caleb Warren, A. peter Mcgraw

Alcohol Risk Management in College Settings The Safer California Universities Randomized Trial

submitted by: bsaltz
Context: Potentially effective environmental strategies have been recommended to reduce heavy alcohol use among college students. However, studies to date on environmental prevention strategies are few in number and have been limited by their nonexperimental designs, inadequate sample sizes, and lack of attention to settings where the majority of heavy drinking events occur. Purpose: To determine whether environmental prevention strategies targeting off-campus settings would reduce the...
Authors: Robert Saltz, Mj Paschall, Richard Mcgaffigan, Peter Nygaard

Do Babies Learn From Baby Media?

submitted by: jd8d
In recent years, parents in the United States and worldwide have purchased enormous numbers of videos and DVDs designed and marketed for infants, many assuming that their children would benefit from watching them. We examined how many new words 12- to 18-month-old children learned from viewing a popular DVD several times a week for 4 weeks at home. The most important result was that children who viewed the DVD did not learn any more words from their monthlong exposure to it than did a...
Authors: Js Deloache, C Chiong

How Magic Changes Our Expectations About Autism

submitted by: GustavKuhn
In the vanishing-ball illusion, the magician’s social cues misdirect the audience’s expectations and attention so that the audience “sees” a ball vanish in the air. Because individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are less sensitive to social cues and have superior perception for nonsocial details compared with typically developing individuals, we predicted that they would be less susceptible to the illusion. Surprisingly, the opposite result was found, as individuals with ASD...
Authors: Anastasia Kourkoulou, Gustav Kuhn, Susan r. Leekam

Why Women Apologize more than Men: Gender Differences in Thresholds for Perceiving Offensive Behavior

submitted by: kschuman
Despite wide acceptance of the stereotype that women apologize more readily than men, there is little systematic evidence to support this stereotype or its supposed bases (e.g., men’s fragile egos). We designed two studies to examine whether gender differences in apology behavior exist and, if so, why. In Study 1, participants reported in daily diaries all offenses they committed or experienced and whether an apology had been offered. Women reported offering more apologies than men, but...
Authors: Michael Ross, Karina Schumann

The influence of robot anthropomorphism on the feelings of embarrassment when interacting with robots

submitted by: bartneck
Find out all about this study at: http://www.bartneck.de/publications/2010/influenceAnthropomorphismEmbara... Medical robots are expected to help with providing care in an aging society. The degree to which patients experience embarrassment in a medical examination might be influenced by the robots’ level of anthropomorphism. The results of our preliminary study show that young, healthy, Dutch university students were less embarrassed when interacting with a technical box than with a...