Do Babies Learn From Baby Media?

submitted by: jd8d
In recent years, parents in the United States and worldwide have purchased enormous numbers of videos and DVDs designed and marketed for infants, many assuming that their children would benefit from watching them. We examined how many new words 12- to 18-month-old children learned from viewing a popular DVD several times a week for 4 weeks at home. The most important result was that children who viewed the DVD did not learn any more words from their monthlong exposure to it than did a...
Authors: Js Deloache, C Chiong

How Magic Changes Our Expectations About Autism

submitted by: GustavKuhn
In the vanishing-ball illusion, the magician’s social cues misdirect the audience’s expectations and attention so that the audience “sees” a ball vanish in the air. Because individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are less sensitive to social cues and have superior perception for nonsocial details compared with typically developing individuals, we predicted that they would be less susceptible to the illusion. Surprisingly, the opposite result was found, as individuals with ASD...
Authors: Anastasia Kourkoulou, Gustav Kuhn, Susan r. Leekam

Why Women Apologize more than Men: Gender Differences in Thresholds for Perceiving Offensive Behavior

submitted by: kschuman
Despite wide acceptance of the stereotype that women apologize more readily than men, there is little systematic evidence to support this stereotype or its supposed bases (e.g., men’s fragile egos). We designed two studies to examine whether gender differences in apology behavior exist and, if so, why. In Study 1, participants reported in daily diaries all offenses they committed or experienced and whether an apology had been offered. Women reported offering more apologies than men, but...
Authors: Michael Ross, Karina Schumann

The influence of robot anthropomorphism on the feelings of embarrassment when interacting with robots

submitted by: bartneck
Find out all about this study at: Medical robots are expected to help with providing care in an aging society. The degree to which patients experience embarrassment in a medical examination might be influenced by the robots’ level of anthropomorphism. The results of our preliminary study show that young, healthy, Dutch university students were less embarrassed when interacting with a technical box than with a...

In Blind Pursuit of Racial Equality?

submitted by: kpauker
Despite receiving little empirical assessment, the color-blind approach to managing diversity has become a leading institutional strategy for promoting racial equality, across domains and scales of practice. We gauged the utility of color blindness as a means to eliminating future racial inequity—its central objective—by assessing its impact on a sample of elementary-school students. Results demonstrated that students exposed to a color-blind mind-set, as opposed to a value-diversity...
Authors: Evan Apfelbaum, Kristin Pauker, Samuel Sommers, Nalini Ambady

Clinical Psychophysiology with Paul Rapp Ph.D. Week 4 Part 2/2

submitted by: wkerst

This is part 2 of 2 of the fourth class of Clinical Psychophysiology taught by Professor Paul Rapp at the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences taught through the Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology. Discussion focuses on the following article: