Background: Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) initially emerged in 2003 and have since become widely available globally, particularly over the Internet.
Purpose: Data on ENDS usage patterns are limited. The current paper examines patterns of ENDS awareness, use, and product-associated beliefs among current and former smokers in four countries.
Methods: Data come from Wave 8 of the International Tobacco Control Four-Country Survey, collected July 2010 to June 2011 and analyzed...
Authors: Sarah Adkison, Richard O’Connor, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Andrew Hyland, Ron Borland, Hua-Hie Yong, K. Michael Cummings, Ann McNeill, James Thrasher, David Hammond, Geoffrey Fong