The Effectiveness of the FLU-FOBT Program in Primary Care: A Randomized Trial

submitted by: MBPotter
Background: The FLU–FOBT Program is an intervention in which nurses provide home fecal occult blood tests (FOBTs) to eligible patients during annual influenza vaccination (FLU) campaigns. The effectiveness of the FLU–FOBT Program when implemented during primary care visits has not been extensively studied. Purpose: The effectiveness of the FLU–FOBT Program was tested as adapted for use during primary care visits in community clinics serving multiethnic patients with low baseline...
Authors: Michael b. Potter

Active living for rural children: community perspectives using PhotoVOICE

submitted by: ehenness
BACKGROUND: Active living integrates physical activity into one's daily routine. Current understanding of active living among children and their families living in rural communities is limited. A community perspective is critical to understand the contextual factors that influence children's physical activity in rural areas. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the perceived environmental factors that support or hinder physical activity among rural children to develop...
Authors: Erin Hennessy, Vivica Kraak, Raymond Hyatt, Julia Bloom, Mark Fenton, Colby Wagoner, Christina Economos

Integration of Short Bouts of Physical Activity Into Organizational Routine

submitted by: producerjbev
Context Recommended daily physical activity accumulated in short intervals (e.g., <10 minutes) may be more feasible and appealing to the relatively sedentary populace than longer bouts. The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic review of the evidence for the effectiveness of short activity bouts incorporated into organizational routine as part of the regular “conduct of business.” Evidence acquisition PubMed, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar databases were searched in August...
Authors: Deheia Barr-anderson, Mona Auyoung, Melicia Whitt-glover, Beth Glenn, Antronette Yancey

Sunscreen prevention of melanoma in man and mouse

submitted by: hlpklug

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Authors: Glenn Merlino, Edward c De fabo, Margaret a Tucker, Heather lp Klug, Thomas r Fears, Miriam r Anver, Frances p Noonan, Cari Graff-cherry, Janet a Tooze

Alcohol Risk Management in College Settings The Safer California Universities Randomized Trial

submitted by: bsaltz
Context: Potentially effective environmental strategies have been recommended to reduce heavy alcohol use among college students. However, studies to date on environmental prevention strategies are few in number and have been limited by their nonexperimental designs, inadequate sample sizes, and lack of attention to settings where the majority of heavy drinking events occur. Purpose: To determine whether environmental prevention strategies targeting off-campus settings would reduce the...
Authors: Robert Saltz, Mj Paschall, Richard Mcgaffigan, Peter Nygaard

Alzheimer's Disease

submitted by: alex01
Z. Khachaturian, PhD. - New approaches to the therapy of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are discussed in video interviews of this series. According to Z. Khachaturian (Potomac, MD) substantial progress has been made during the last 10 years in our understanding of pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease as well as in the discovery of biomarkers and therapeutic approaches. In addition to cholinergic drugs, inhibitors of plaque formation have been discovered, but the currently available...

West Nile Virus MWV19

submitted by: MicrobeWorld
West Nile virus entered the United States in 1999 and is now considered a seasonal epidemic that starts in the summer and continues into the fall. First isolated in Uganda in 1937, the virus can cause severe human meningitis or encephalitis in 1% of those infected. In 2007 the U.S. Centers for Disease Control reported 124 fatalities. The rapid spread of West Nile virus has put local and state mosquito surveillance programs on the front line of public health and disease preparedness. In...

Return to Zambia MWV 17

submitted by: MicrobeWorld
The American Society for Microbiology is helping African nations foster a scientific community that is better able to address the current and future problems that threaten not only the local population, but the world at large. Like many African countries, Zambia and South Africa are deeply affected by HIV and tuberculosis, as well as a number of other infectious diseases. In March of 2008, ASM President Cliff Houston, Ph.D., traveled to Zambia and South Africa to gauge and assess the...

HIV/AIDS Education in America (MWV14)

submitted by: MicrobeWorld
In this episode of MicrobeWorld Video we ask some leading researchers, education specialists, and public health officials about the state of HIV/AIDS education in America and ideas they have to support the teaching of microbial evolution using the latest HIV/AIDS research ó all while instilling innovative prevention strategies. Filmed at a forum for educators on February, 11, 2008 at the Koshland Science Museum in Washington, D.C. and at San Diego State University, this episode features...