Genome-wide association study of chronic periodontitis in a general German population

submitted by: ateumer
Aim: To identify loci associated with chronic periodontitis through a genome wide association study (GWAS). Materials and Methods: A GWAS was performed in 4032 individuals of two independent cross-sectional studies of West Pomerania (SHIP n=3365 and SHIP-TREND n=667) with the different periodontal case definitions. Samples were genotyped with the Affymetrix Genome-Wide Human SNP Array 6.0 or the Illumina Human Omni 2.5 array. Imputation of the HapMap as well as the 1000 Genomes based...
Authors: A Teumer, B Holtfreter, U Völker, A Petersmann, M Nauck, R Biffar, H Völzke, HK Kroemer, P Meisel, G Homuth, T Kocher

Walk Scores and Transit Scores and Walking in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

submitted by: Jahirsch
Background: Walk Scores and Transit Scores are open-source measures of the neighborhood built environment to support walking (“walkability”) and access to transportation. Purpose: To investigate associations of Street Smart Walk Score and Transit Score with selfreported transport and leisure walking using data from a large multicity and diverse populationbased sample of adults. Methods: Data from a sample of 4552 residents of Baltimore MD, Chicago IL, Forsyth County NC, Los Angeles...
Authors: Jana Hirsch, Kari Moore, Kelly Evenson, Daniel Rodriguez, Ana Diez Roux

Association of raw fruit and fruit juice consumption with blood pressure: the INTERMAP Study

submitted by: loudegri
Background: Epidemiological evidence suggests that fruit consumption may lower the risk of cardiovascular diseases through blood pressure (BP)–lowering effects; little is known on the independent effect of raw fruit and fruit juice on BP. Objective: The objective was to quantify associations of raw fruit and fruit juice consumption with BP by using cross-sectional data from the INTERnational study on MAcro/micronutrients and blood Pressure (INTERMAP) of 4680 men and women aged...
Authors: Linda Oude Griep, Jeremiah Stamler, Queenie Chan, Linda Van Horn, Lyn Steffen, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Nagako Okuda, Liancheng Zhao, Martha Daviglus, Paul Elliott

Effect of periodontal disease on diabetes: systematic review of epidemiologic observational evidence

submitted by: WSB
Background: Periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus are common, chronic diseases worldwide. Epidemiologic and biologic evidence suggests periodontal disease may affect diabetes. Objective: To systematically review non-experimental, epidemiologic evidence for effects of periodontal disease on diabetes control, complications, and incidence. Data sources: Electronic bibliographic databases, supplemented by hand searches of recent and future issues of relevant journals. Study eligibility...
Authors: Wenche S. Borgnakke, Pekka V. Ylostalo, George W. Taylor, Robert R. Genco

Does transportation mode modify associations between distance to food store, fruit and vegetable consumption, and BMI in low-income neighborhoods?

submitted by: fuller.daniel
Background: A consistent body of research has shown that the neighborhood food environment is associated with fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption and obesity in deprived neighborhoods in the United States. However, these studies have often neglected to consider how transportation can moderate associations between food accessibility and diet-related outcomes. Objective: This study examined associations between distance to primary food store, fruit and vegetable consumption, and BMI...
Authors: Daniel Fuller, Steven Cummins, Stephen Matthews

Multisector Intervention to Accelerate Reductions in Child Stunting: An Observational Study from 9 Sub-Saharan African Countries

submitted by: Alison Rose
Background: In sub-Saharan Africa, ~40% of children <5 y old are stunted, with levels that have remained largely unchanged over the past 2 decades. Although the complex determinants of undernutrition are well recognized, few studies have evaluated strategies that combine nutrition-specific, health-based approaches with food system– and livelihood-based interventions. Objective: We examined changes in childhood stunting and its determinants after 3 y of exposure to an integrated,...
Authors: Roseline Remans, Paul M. Pronyk, Jessica C. Fanzo, Jiehua Chen, Cheryl A. Palm, Bennett Nemser, Maria Muniz, Alex Radunsky, Alem Hadera Abay, Mouctar Coulibaly, Joseph Mensah-Homiah, Margaret Wagah, Xiaoyi An, Christine Mwaura, Eva Quintana, Marie-Andree Somers, Pedro A. Sanchez, Sonia E. Sachs, John W. Mcarthur, Jeffrey D. Sachs

Food Insufficiency Is Associated with High-Risk Sexual Behavior among Women in Botswana and Swaziland

submitted by: jeveleth
Background Both food insufficiency and HIV infection are major public health problems in sub-Saharan Africa, yet the impact of food insufficiency on HIV risk behavior has not been systematically investigated. We tested the hypothesis that food insufficiency is associated with HIV transmission behavior. Methods and Findings We studied the association between food insufficiency (not having enough food to eat over the previous 12 months) and inconsistent...
Authors: Sheri d Weiser, Karen Leiter, David r Bangsberg, Lisa m Butler, Fiona percy-de Korte, Zakhe Hlanze, Nthabiseng Phaladze, Vincent Iacopino, Michele Heisler