Steve Rounsley at the 2014 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting

submitted by: JGI

Steve Rounsley, University of Arizona, at the 9th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 20, 2014 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

DNA methylation potential: dietary intake and blood concentrations of one-carbon metabolites and cofactors in rural African women

submitted by: enphpdom
Background: Animal models show that periconceptional supplementation with folic acid, vitamin B-12, choline, and betaine can induce differences in offspring phenotype mediated by epigenetic changes in DNA. In humans, altered DNA methylation patterns have been observed in offspring whose mothers were exposed to famine or who conceived in the Gambian rainy season. Objective: The objective was to understand the seasonality of DNA methylation patterns in rural Gambian women. We studied natural...
Authors: P Dominguez-Salas, AM Prentice

Science Nation - If These Teeth Could Talk

submitted by: nsf
With funding from the National Science Foundation, Peter Ungar is revealing more details about the lives of our human ancestors, and he's doing it through dentistry - sort of! The University of Arkansas anthropologist uses high tech dental scans to find out more about the diets of hominids, a technique that sometimes leads to new and very different conclusions. While anthropologists traditionally determine the diets of our ancestors by examining the size and shape of teeth and jaws, Ungar's...

Multisector Intervention to Accelerate Reductions in Child Stunting: An Observational Study from 9 Sub-Saharan African Countries

submitted by: Alison Rose
Background: In sub-Saharan Africa, ~40% of children <5 y old are stunted, with levels that have remained largely unchanged over the past 2 decades. Although the complex determinants of undernutrition are well recognized, few studies have evaluated strategies that combine nutrition-specific, health-based approaches with food system– and livelihood-based interventions. Objective: We examined changes in childhood stunting and its determinants after 3 y of exposure to an integrated,...
Authors: Roseline Remans, Paul M. Pronyk, Jessica C. Fanzo, Jiehua Chen, Cheryl A. Palm, Bennett Nemser, Maria Muniz, Alex Radunsky, Alem Hadera Abay, Mouctar Coulibaly, Joseph Mensah-Homiah, Margaret Wagah, Xiaoyi An, Christine Mwaura, Eva Quintana, Marie-Andree Somers, Pedro A. Sanchez, Sonia E. Sachs, John W. Mcarthur, Jeffrey D. Sachs

Novel antimalarial drug development

submitted by: COMED2010
The main objective of the AntiMal Integrated Project is to generate novel antimalarial drugs with potential for use in humans, specifically to progress candidate molecules to the “first time into humans” stage of drug development. To achieve this goal, leading groups of malaria researchers from Europe and Africa with expertise in malaria biology, chemotherapy and drug development have come together to exploit new scientific and political opportunities to secure the development of a...

Saving Young Lives in Zambia

submitted by: busph
Anti-malarial drugs are being used inappropriately for sick children in Zambia -- a problem that can be addressed by arming community health workers with a simple rapid-diagnostic test and a supply of antibiotics, a study led by researchers at Boston University School of Public Health has found. Listen to Kojo Yeboah-Antwi, assistant professor of international health at BUSPH, and David Hamer, professor of international health at BUSPH, discuss the study. Learn more at...

ASPIRE: An International Women's Initiative

submitted by: bccdc
ASPIRE is an international women's health initiative aims to save thousands of lives by implementing a scalable and affordable integrated cervical cancer screening program in Eastern Africa using self-collection for the human papillomavirus (HPV). The ASPIRE program is community-driven and will undertake education and information campaigns to increase knowledge and capacity among healthcare providers. For more information visit www.aspireafrica.ca

The Leveraged Freedom Chair: a developing country wheelchair

submitted by: awinter@mit.edu
The purpose of the Leveraged Freedom Chair (LFC) project is to create a mobility aid specifically for developing countries. Conventional western-styled wheelchairs are nearly impossible to propel on the sandy roads and muddy walking paths frequently encountered in the developing world. The LFC has a variable mechanical advantage lever drivetrain that enables its user to travel 10-20% faster on tarmac than a conventional wheelchair, and off road like no other mobility aid available. The user...

M. Sofi Ibrahim on "Whole-Genome Resequencing"

submitted by: JGI

M. Sofi Ibrahim of the United States Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases discusses viral hemorrhagic fevers at the "Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future" meeting in Santa Fe, NM on May 27, 2009.

SDSU Geological Sciences Webinar - Jared Kluesner

submitted by: tcarrasc
Geologic and Hydrologic Role of Sill Intrusion and Delineation of the Oceanic Crustal Boundary in the Central Gulf of California; Jared Kluesner, Marine Physical Laboratory, Scripps Institution of Oceanography: Geologic and Hydrologic Role of Sill Intrusion and Delineation of the Oceanic Crustal Boundary in the Central Gulf of California High-resolution multichannel profiles recently shot in the central Gulf of California display concordant and discordant (concave-upwards) sills intruded...