An integrated ecosystem approach to the sustainable use of European Regional Seas.

submitted by: Rebecca_Koss

Marine ecosystems provide numerous ecosystem goods and services (EGS) beneficial for the global human population. Yet, they are highly threatened, facing resource depletion and ecological impacts from anthropogenic activities over the past century. The European Union introduced the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) to promote the sustainable use of marine EGS.

Comparison of Bathyal Demersal Fish Distribution Around the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and the Porcupine Seabight

submitted by: Deborah_Crockard

Differences in demersal fish biodiversity, abundance and biomass around the MAR have previously been explored in terms of depth and latitudinal gradients, however, this is the first study to examine demersal fish distributions at a restricted depth range in the bathyal zone at different locations on the MAR. As a result of sampling difficulties comparatively little work has been carried out on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) compared to other regions in the North East Atlantic.

The Ostracoda (Crustacea) from the Cruise of HMS Challenger freely available online: biogeographic and curatorial data, SEM and optic photos and taxonomic revisions assisting global macroecological and biodiversity and climate change studies

submitted by: snbrandao

The worldwide voyage of the HMS Challenger collected oceanographic and biological samples and the results laid the foundations of almost every branch of oceanography as we know it today. Biological samples included virtually all high level taxa, and many thousands of specimens, comprising over 4000 'Types'.

Temporal changes in cephalopods community during 2008-2009 in Mauritanian waters (Eastern Central Atlantic)

submitted by: Ana_Ramos

A total of 8,744 and 2,265 cephalopods were caught in 156 trawling stations during  Maurit-0811' and ‘Maurit-0911' research cruises, carried out on board R/V Vizconde de Eza during November-December 2008 and 2009. In both cases, the studied area comprises deep shelf and continental margin of Mauritanian, from Cap Blanc to Senegal River, between 80 to 2000 meters depth.

Abundance of seabirds associated to coastline environments in Ilha Comprida, São Paulo, Brazil

submitted by: Carla_Isobel
Marine ecosystems are naturally rich habitats. Seabirds are part of these environments and their distribution and abundance can be influenced by human activity on the coast, as well as intrinsic factors of each species. The objective of this study was to assess the abundance of seabirds in Ilha Comprida, São Paulo. Eight points were chosen and, for one hour, data on the number and species of seabirds were gathered. Studies in this area are scarce, despite the ecological importance of...

Digital Fossils at the British Geological Survey

submitted by: Tim_McCormick
Specimens are the raw material on which the science of natural history is based, and this is especially so in palaeontology where the only direct evidence of the historical diversity of life is fossilised remains of organisms' bodies and their activities.  The British Geological Survey's palaeontological collections house an estimated three million specimens, representing most phyla with a fossil record, and all geological periods from Neoproterozoic (< 1000 Ma BP) to Recent.  As well...

Deep sea fish biodiversity: comparisons of coral and non-coral areas.

submitted by: Christopher_Smith

The biodiversity of the deep-water fish assemblages of coral and non coral areas in the Eastern Ionian Sea was examined in the framework of the sampling cruises of the 7FP EU research project CoralFISH conducted by HCMR in the Eastern Ionian Sea. Experimental long line fishing was carried out in deep waters from 300 to 800 m depth in June and October 2010.

Macoma balthica in the Baltic Sea – can signs of ongoing acidification be detected?

submitted by: Anna_Jansson

Ocean acidification (OA) is a serious threat to marine biodiversity. Most of the OA research, however, investigates impacts of predicted future pH values on survival and performance of marine species, while less attention is paid to the possible effects that OA has in its current extent. Shells of different organisms are widely used as environmental proxies, describing e.g. past salinity and temperature conditions.

Global mangrove mapping techniques:  a comparison of two approaches and their implications for real world decision making

submitted by: Claire_Fitzgerald

Understanding the advantages and limitations of different methods for mapping marine and coastal habitats is essential for the appropriate practical application of these datasets in real-world monitoring, assessment, and decision making.