Endothelin-1 is a transcriptional target of p53 in epidermal keratinocytes and regulates UV induced melanocyte homeostasis

submitted by: arup.indra
Keratinocytes contribute to melanocyte activity by influencing their microenvironment, in part, through secretion of paracrine factors. Here we discovered that p53 directly regulates Edn1 expression in epidermal keratinocytes and controls UV-induced melanocyte homeostasis. Selective ablation of EDN1 in murine epidermis (EDN1ep-/-) does not alter melanocyte homeostasis in newborn skin but decreases dermal melanocytes in adult skin. Results showed that keratinocytic EDN1 in a non-cell...
Authors: Daniel J. Coleman, Gitali Ganguli-Indra, Stephen Hyter, Arup Indra, Steven Ma, Gary F. Merrill, Masashi Yanagisawa

The deceptive nature of UVA-tanning versus the modest protective effects of UVB-tanning on human skin

submitted by: vhearing
The relationship between human skin pigmentation and protection from ultraviolet (UV) radiation is an important element underlying differences in skin carcinogenesis rates. The association between UV damage and the risk of skin cancer is clear, yet a strategic balance in exposure to UV needs to be met. Dark skin is protected from UV-induced DNA damage significantly more than light skin due to the constitutively higher pigmentation but an as yet unresolved and important question is what...
Authors: Vincent j. Hearing, Ludger Kolbe, Yoshinori Miyamura, Sergio g. Coelho, Kathrin Schlenz, Jan Batzer, Christoph Smuda, Wonseon Choi, Michaela Brenner, Thierry Passeron, Guofeng Zhang, Rainer Wolber