DNA methylation potential: dietary intake and blood concentrations of one-carbon metabolites and cofactors in rural African women

submitted by: enphpdom
Background: Animal models show that periconceptional supplementation with folic acid, vitamin B-12, choline, and betaine can induce differences in offspring phenotype mediated by epigenetic changes in DNA. In humans, altered DNA methylation patterns have been observed in offspring whose mothers were exposed to famine or who conceived in the Gambian rainy season. Objective: The objective was to understand the seasonality of DNA methylation patterns in rural Gambian women. We studied natural...
Authors: P Dominguez-Salas, AM Prentice

Correcting for Inflammation Changes Estimates of Iron Deficiency among Rural Kenyan Preschool Children

submitted by: ebogrant5
The assessment of iron status where infections are common is complicated by the effects of inflammation on iron indicators and in this study we compared approaches that adjust for this influence. Blood was collected in 680 children (aged 6–35 mo) and indicators of iron status [(hemoglobin (Hb), zinc protoporphyrin (ZP), ferritin, transferrin receptor (TfR), and TfR/ferritin index)] and subclinical inflammation [(the acute phase proteins (APP) C-reactive protein (CRP), and a-1-acid...
Authors: Frederick Grant, Parminder Suchdev, Rafael Flores-Ayala, Conrad Cole, Usha Ramakrishnan, Laird Ruth, Reynaldo Martorell

How EGF Receptors are activated

submitted by: icamvid

John Kuriyan talks about how EGF receptors and what controls their activation.

Curbing the Killer Instinct

submitted by: JCB
Natural Killer (NK) cells distinguish target cells from surrounding healthy tissue by integrating signals from a variety of activating and inhibitory receptors. Abeyweera et al. reveal that signals from inhibitory receptors limit NK cell activity by remodeling contacts with potential targets and inducing NK cell retraction. This biosights episode presents the paper by Abeyweera et al. from the February 21st, 2011, issue of The Journal of Cell Biology, and includes an interview with senior...

Synaptic Land - The Movie

submitted by: KidsJudgePartnership
The story of how two behavioral neuroscience graduate students from Oregon Health & Science University conceived and constructed the very first "Synaptic Land", a game that helps kids learn about processes involved in neurotransmission. Since its debut at the Oregon Kids Judge! Neuroscience Fair held at OMSI in 2002, undergraduate and graduate students at many other universities have created their own versions of the Synaptic Land game (e.g., PENN, University of Scranton, California...

Laminin Adhesions Help Microtubules Reach Base

submitted by: JCB
Microtubules align along the apical-basal axis of epithelial cells with their plus ends pointing to the basal side. Hotta et al. reveal how signals from the extracellular matrix establish this arrangement by recruiting the microtubule-anchoring factors LL5s to the basal cell cortex. This biosights episode presents the paper by Hotta et al. from the May 31, 2010 issue of The Journal of Cell Biology, and includes an interview with senior author Yuko Mimori-Kiyosue. Produced by Caitlin...

Epigenomics of Cancer - Prof. Wei Li (Part 1, 2009)

submitted by: ralanharris

Prof. Wei Li lectures on studies of transcription factor binding sites and histone modifications using ChIP-chip and Chip-seq assays. Part of the Computer Aided Discovery Methods 2009 course offered at Baylor College of Medicine.

Cytokines and Neutrophins in Neuroprotection

submitted by: alex01
Dr. Michael Spedding published recently a review on the role of cytokines and neurotrophins in disease. Neurotrophins (e.g. BDNF) have beneficial effects on neuronal plasticity and brain metabolism. Inflammatory cytokines (e.g. IL1beta)oppose the effects of neurotrophins. Both, neurotrophins and cytokines are targets for the development of new drugs affecting central nervous system. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is the main activity-dependent neurotrophic factor. Interleukin 1beta...