Active Travel to Work and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in the United Kingdom

submitted by: samwong
Background: Increasing active travel (walking, cycling, public transport) is increasingly seen as integral to strategies to raise physical activity levels. Purpose: This study examined (1) sociodemographic correlates of active travel to work and (2) associations between active travel and cardiovascular risk factors in the United Kingdom (UK). Methods: Data come from Understanding Society, a nationally representative survey of UK residents in 2009/2011, analyzed in 2012. Multinomial...
Authors: Anthony Laverty, Jennifer Mindell, Elizabeth Webb, Christopher Millett

Walk Scores and Transit Scores and Walking in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

submitted by: Jahirsch
Background: Walk Scores and Transit Scores are open-source measures of the neighborhood built environment to support walking (“walkability”) and access to transportation. Purpose: To investigate associations of Street Smart Walk Score and Transit Score with selfreported transport and leisure walking using data from a large multicity and diverse populationbased sample of adults. Methods: Data from a sample of 4552 residents of Baltimore MD, Chicago IL, Forsyth County NC, Los Angeles...
Authors: Jana Hirsch, Kari Moore, Kelly Evenson, Daniel Rodriguez, Ana Diez Roux

Retail Grocery Store Marketing Strategies and Obesity: An Integrative Review

submitted by: kglanz
Context: In-store food marketing can influence food-purchasing behaviors and warrants increased attention given the dramatic rise in obesity. Descriptive and experimental studies of key marketing components have been conducted by consumer scientists, marketing researchers, and public health experts. This review synthesizes research and publications from industry and academic sources and provides direction for developing and evaluating promising interventions. Evidence acquisition:...
Authors: Karen Glanz, Michael D.M. Bader, Shally Iyer

Farmers' Markets as Community-Based Health Interventions

submitted by: sal014
This research project set out to determine whether a farmers' market can serve as an effective intervention in the prevention of chronic diseases such as diabetes and obesity through expansion of access to fresh fruits and vegetables in communities with high levels of food insecurity. The use of a farmers' market as a community-based health intervention appeared to be a successful tool in the community of City Heights. Implementation of a farmers' market in similar communities may also...

Integration of Short Bouts of Physical Activity Into Organizational Routine

submitted by: producerjbev
Context Recommended daily physical activity accumulated in short intervals (e.g., <10 minutes) may be more feasible and appealing to the relatively sedentary populace than longer bouts. The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic review of the evidence for the effectiveness of short activity bouts incorporated into organizational routine as part of the regular “conduct of business.” Evidence acquisition PubMed, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar databases were searched in August...
Authors: Deheia Barr-anderson, Mona Auyoung, Melicia Whitt-glover, Beth Glenn, Antronette Yancey

Translating Physical Activity Recommendations into a Pedometer-Based Step Goal: 3000 Steps in 30 Minutes

submitted by: pssjm3
BACKGROUND: It is a public health recommendation to accumulate at least 150 minutes per week of moderate intensity physical activity. Although pedometers are widely used as a physical activity-monitoring tool, they are unable to measure activity intensity. Translating current physical activity recommendations into a pedometer-based guideline could increase the public health impact of physical activity interventions. METHODS: A community sample of 97 adults (60% women, with a mean age of 32.1...
Authors: Simon Marshall, Susan Levy, Catrine Tudor-locke, Fred Kolkhorst, Karen Wooten, Ming Ji, Caroline Macera, Barbara Ainsworth