Endothelin-1 is a transcriptional target of p53 in epidermal keratinocytes and regulates UV induced melanocyte homeostasis

submitted by: arup.indra
Keratinocytes contribute to melanocyte activity by influencing their microenvironment, in part, through secretion of paracrine factors. Here we discovered that p53 directly regulates Edn1 expression in epidermal keratinocytes and controls UV-induced melanocyte homeostasis. Selective ablation of EDN1 in murine epidermis (EDN1ep-/-) does not alter melanocyte homeostasis in newborn skin but decreases dermal melanocytes in adult skin. Results showed that keratinocytic EDN1 in a non-cell...
Authors: Daniel J. Coleman, Gitali Ganguli-Indra, Stephen Hyter, Arup Indra, Steven Ma, Gary F. Merrill, Masashi Yanagisawa

Treatment of Epilepsy

submitted by: alex01
Michael Rogawski (University of California, Davis) summarizes his research on the antiepileptic activity of neurosteroids (e.g. ganaxolone, allopregnanolone). They are allosteric modulators of GABAA receptors and are active in many models of epilepsy. They are expected, however, to be most effective in catamenial epilepsy, infantile spasms or adult partial seizures. National Institutes of Health (NIH) is currently sponsoring a clinical trial of progesterone (precursor of allopregnanolone)...

Small Regulatory RNAs May Sharpen Spatial Expression Patterns

linked profile(s): hlevine
submitted by: apryl
The precise establishment of gene expression patterns is a crucial step in development. Formation of a sharp boundary between high and low spatial expression domains requires a genetic mechanism that exhibits sensitivity, yet is robust to fluctuations, a demand that may not be easily achieved by morphogens alone. Recently, it has been demonstrated that small RNAs (and, in particular, microRNAs) play many roles in embryonic development. Whereas some RNAs are essential for embryogenesis,...
Authors: Erel Levine, Peter Mchale, Herbert Levine