A new way forward for fibroblasts

submitted by: JCB
Fibroblasts moving across two-dimensional surfaces form lamellipodial protrusions at their leading edge, but how cells move through three-dimensional environments is less well understood. Petrie et al. reveal that, depending on the strength of intracellular RhoA signaling and on the elastic properties of the extracellular matrix, fibroblasts can migrate through 3D environments using either lamellipodia or blunt, cylindrical protrusions called lobopodia. This biosights episode presents the...

PI3K's Pivotal Role in Cell Migration

submitted by: JCB
Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and its phospholipid products are polarized toward the front of migrating fibroblasts, but their exact function in persistent motility remains unclear. Welf et al. reveal that PI3K signaling helps reorient migrating fibroblasts by stabilizing branched protrusions at the leading edge, allowing the cell to pivot and move in a different direction. This biosights episode presents the paper by Welf et al. from the April 2, 2012, issue of The Journal of Cell...