Exergaming and Older Adult Cognition: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial

submitted by: gowanc
Background: Dementia cases may reach 100 million by 2050. Interventions are sought to curb or prevent cognitive decline. Exercise yields cognitive benef?ts, but few older adults exercise. Virtual reality–enhanced exercise or “exergames” may elicit greater participation. Purpose: To test the following hypotheses: (1) stationary cycling with virtual reality tours (“cybercycle”) will enhance executive function and clinical status more than traditional exercise; (2) exercise...
Authors: Cay Anderson-Hanley, PhD, Paul Arciero

European Research for diabetes patients

submitted by: COMED2010
The prevalences of obesity, Type 2 diabetes and the metablic syndrome are rising rapidly both in Europe and worldwide. There is evidence that this is due to the population taking less exercise and becoming more sedentary, coupled with the increased consumption of high fat, low fibre foods (fast food or convenience food). The EXGENESIS consortium aims to provide insights into the reasons why poor diet and lack of exercise contribute to increasing levels of obesity and diabetes.

Integration of Short Bouts of Physical Activity Into Organizational Routine

submitted by: producerjbev
Context Recommended daily physical activity accumulated in short intervals (e.g., <10 minutes) may be more feasible and appealing to the relatively sedentary populace than longer bouts. The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic review of the evidence for the effectiveness of short activity bouts incorporated into organizational routine as part of the regular “conduct of business.” Evidence acquisition PubMed, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar databases were searched in August...
Authors: Deheia Barr-anderson, Mona Auyoung, Melicia Whitt-glover, Beth Glenn, Antronette Yancey

Invitation - Re-upload

submitted by: juliahos
A quick tour through the field of genomics, from simple to complex - an algal cell dividing, lyonization in a cat, and newborn genetic testing, among other topics. This is a re-upload.

Policies to Promote the Community Use of Schools: A Review of State Recreational User Statutes

submitted by: spengler
Context: Concern over liability is a barrier to allowing community use of school property for the purpose of engaging in active sport and recreational activities. Recreational user statutes have the potential to limit liability for public schools when use occurs outside of regular school hours, reduce the fear of liability among school administrators, and increase opportunities for access to school facilities for recreation and physical activity by community members. The purpose of this...
Authors: John Spengler, Michael Carroll

Perception Versus Reality: Awareness of Physical Activity Levels of British Children

submitted by: vansgirl
Background: Interventions to increase children’s physical activity have had limited success. One reason may be that children and their parents overestimate children’s levels of physical activity, although there are few data on this topic. Purpose: This study aimed to assess awareness of physical activity levels among British school children aged 9–10 years and their parents. Methods: Physical activity was measured by accelerometer in a cross-sectional study of 1892 children...
Authors: Aedin Cassidy, Ulf Ekelund, Alison m. Mcminn, Esther m.f. Van sluijs, Kirsten Corder, Simon j. Griffin

Translating Physical Activity Recommendations into a Pedometer-Based Step Goal: 3000 Steps in 30 Minutes

submitted by: pssjm3
BACKGROUND: It is a public health recommendation to accumulate at least 150 minutes per week of moderate intensity physical activity. Although pedometers are widely used as a physical activity-monitoring tool, they are unable to measure activity intensity. Translating current physical activity recommendations into a pedometer-based guideline could increase the public health impact of physical activity interventions. METHODS: A community sample of 97 adults (60% women, with a mean age of 32.1...
Authors: Simon Marshall, Susan Levy, Catrine Tudor-locke, Fred Kolkhorst, Karen Wooten, Ming Ji, Caroline Macera, Barbara Ainsworth