High dietary intake of saturated fat associated with reduced semen quality among 701 young Danish men from the general population

submitted by: 2002-1001-6438
BACKGROUND: Saturated fat intake has been associated with both cardiovascular disease and cancer risk, and a newly published study found an association between saturated fat intake and a lower sperm concentration in infertile men. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the association between dietary fat intake and semen quality among 701 young Danish men from the general population. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, men were recruited when they were examined to determine their...
Authors: Tina Kold Jensen

Being Overweight or Obese Is Associated with Lower Prevalence of Anemia among Colombian Women of Reproductive Age

submitted by: kasiek
Overweight and micronutrient deficiencies have manifested in the same individuals. This study investigated the association among iron deficiency (ID), anemia, and weight status among nonpregnant Colombian females aged 13-49 y (n = 3267). Data from the 2005 National Survey of the Nutrition Situation were used. The prevalence of ID (plasma ferritin <12.0 ?g/L; individuals with CRP >0.012 g/L excluded) and anemia (altitude-adjusted hemoglobin <120 g/L) was estimated separately. The...
Authors: Katarzyna Kordas, Zulma Centeno, Helena Pachon, Ana Zulema Soto

Does transportation mode modify associations between distance to food store, fruit and vegetable consumption, and BMI in low-income neighborhoods?

submitted by: fuller.daniel
Background: A consistent body of research has shown that the neighborhood food environment is associated with fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption and obesity in deprived neighborhoods in the United States. However, these studies have often neglected to consider how transportation can moderate associations between food accessibility and diet-related outcomes. Objective: This study examined associations between distance to primary food store, fruit and vegetable consumption, and BMI...
Authors: Daniel Fuller, Steven Cummins, Stephen Matthews

Jews and Arabs in the same region in Israel exhibit major differences in dietary patterns

submitted by: kathleena
The Jewish majority and Arab minority populations in Israel exhibit disparities in nutrition-related chronic diseases, but comparative population-based dietary studies are lacking. We evaluated ethnic differences in dietary patterns in a population-based cross-sectional study of Arab and Jewish urban adults (n=1,104; aged 25-74 y). Dietary intake was assessed with an interviewer-administered quantified FFQ. We used principal-component analysis to identify 4 major dietary patterns: Ethnic,...
Authors: K Abu-Saad, H Murad, F Lubin, LS Freedman, A Ziv, G Alpert, A Atamna, O Kalter-Leibovici

Urinary a-carboxyethyl hydroxychroman can be used as a predictor of a-tocopherol adequacy, as demonstrated in the Energetics Study

submitted by: mtraber
Background: Other than the in vitro erythrocyte hemolysis test, no valid biomarkers of vitamin E status currently exist. Objective: We hypothesized that the urinary vitamin E metabolite a-carboxyethyl hydroxychroman (a-CEHC) could serve as a biomarker. Design: The relations between urinary a-CEHC, plasma a-tocopherol, and vitamin E intakes were assessed by using a previously validated multipass, Web-based, 24-h self-administered dietary recall, and we concurrently collected plasma and...
Authors: Katie M Lebold, Alfonso Ang, Maret G Traber, Lenore Arab

Unmetabolized folic acid prevalence is widespread in the older Irish population despite the lack of a mandatory fortification program

submitted by: MaryRose
BACKGROUND: In 2006 the Food Safety Authority of Ireland recommended mandatory folic acid fortification of flour for the prevention of neural tube defects in addition to the existing extensive voluntary folic acid fortification culture in place there. This recommendation is now suspended until further scientific evidence surrounding safety becomes available. The safety issues include concerns about the masking of vitamin B-12 deficiency and potential cancer acceleration, both of which may...
Authors: Andrew Boilson, Anthony Staines, Cecily C Kelleher, Leslie Daly, Shirley Ivan, Aakash Shrivastava, Steven B Bailey, Patricia B Alverson, June E Ayling, Anne ParleMcDermott, Aoife MacCooey, John M Scott, Mary Rose Sweeney

Paul Keim (Northern Arizona University) at the 2012 SFAF Meeting

submitted by: JGI

Paul Keim on "Plague: A Highly Fit Clonal Pathogen Emerges and Shapes Human History" at the 2012 Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future Meeting held June 5-7, 2012 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Prepregnancy adherence to dietary patterns and lower risk of gestational diabetes mellitus

submitted by: dtobias
Abstract BACKGROUND: Previous studies observed inverse associations of adherence to the alternate Mediterranean (aMED), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and alternate Healthy Eating Index (aHEI) dietary patterns with risk of type 2 diabetes; however, their associations with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk are unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess usual prepregnancy adherence to well-known dietary patterns and GDM risk. DESIGN: Our study included 21,376...
Authors: Deirdre Tobias, Cuilin Zhang, Jorge Chavarro, Katherine Bowers, Janet Rich-Edwards, Bernard Rosner, Dariush Mozaffarian, Frank Hu

Greater whole-grain intake is associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and weight gain

submitted by: sarachacko
Whole-grain and high fiber intakes are routinely recommended for prevention of vascular diseases; however, there are no comprehensive and quantitative assessments of available data in humans. The aim of this study was to systematically examine longitudinal studies investigating whole-grain and fiber intake in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), cardiovascular disease (CVD), weight gain, and metabolic risk factors. We identified 45 prospective cohort studies and 21...
Authors: Sara A. Chacko, Eva Qing Ye, Elizabeth L. Chou, Matthew Kugizaki, Simin Liu

Association between oral bisphosphonate use and dental implant failure among middle-aged women

submitted by: lborrell
AIM: To investigate the association between the use of oral bisphosphonate therapy and dental implant failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The case-control study involved 337 female patients, aged 40 years and older, who had 1181 implants placed at the Department of Periodontology and Implant Dentistry at New York University College of Dentistry between January 1997 and December 2004. Cases, defined as women with one or more implant failures, were identified from the departmental database....
Authors: Julie Yip, Luisa Borrell