Belief beyond the evidence: using the presumed effect of breakfast on obesity

submitted by: awbrown
Background: Various intentional and unintentional factors in?uence beliefs beyond what scienti?c evidence justi?es. Two such factors are research lacking probative value (RLPV) and biased research reporting (BRR). Objective: We investigated the prevalence of RLPV and BRR in research about the proposition that skipping breakfast causes weight gain, which is called the proposed effect of breakfast on obesity (PEBO) in this article. Design: Studies related to the PEBO were synthesized...
Authors: David Allison, Michelle Bohan Brown, Andrew Brown

Sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain in children and adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

submitted by: vmalik
Background: The relation between sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and body weight remains controversial. Objective: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the evidence in children and adults. Design: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases through March 2013 for prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the SSB-weight relation. Separate meta-analyses were conducted in children and adults and for cohorts and...
Authors: Vasanti Malik, An Pan, Walter Willett, Frank Hu

Sitting-Time, Physical Activity, and Depressive Symptoms in Mid-Aged Women

submitted by: jannique.van.uffelen
Background: Associations of sitting-time and physical activity with depression are unclear. Purpose: To examine concurrent and prospective associations between both sitting-time and physical activity with prevalent depressive symptoms in mid-aged Australian women. Methods: Data were from 8950 women, aged 50–55 years in 2001, who completed mail surveys in 2001, 2004, 2007, and 2010. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression questionnaire....
Authors: Jannique van Uffelen, Yolanda van Gellecum, Nicola Burton, Geeske Peeters, Kristiann Heesch, Wendy Brown

Scientific Decision Making, Policy Decisions and the Obesity Pandemic

submitted by: WentzMR

Dr. James Hébert, Professor of Epidemiology from the University of South Carolina in Columbia, SC, discusses his article appearing in the June 2013 issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings, which clarifies the definition of obesity and the measurement of risk factors in an attempt to develop study designs appropriate to treat the alarming obesity pandemic. Available at: http://tinyurl.com/dylndrt

Association of raw fruit and fruit juice consumption with blood pressure: the INTERMAP Study

submitted by: loudegri
Background: Epidemiological evidence suggests that fruit consumption may lower the risk of cardiovascular diseases through blood pressure (BP)–lowering effects; little is known on the independent effect of raw fruit and fruit juice on BP. Objective: The objective was to quantify associations of raw fruit and fruit juice consumption with BP by using cross-sectional data from the INTERnational study on MAcro/micronutrients and blood Pressure (INTERMAP) of 4680 men and women aged...
Authors: Linda Oude Griep, Jeremiah Stamler, Queenie Chan, Linda Van Horn, Lyn Steffen, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Nagako Okuda, Liancheng Zhao, Martha Daviglus, Paul Elliott

Dietary patterns and risk of dementia in an elderly Japanese population: the Hisayama Study

submitted by: Mio
ABSTRACT Background: To our knowledge, there are no previous reports that assessed the association between dietary patterns and risk of dementia in Asian populations. Objective: We investigated dietary patterns and their potential association with risk of incident dementia in a general Japanese population. Design: A total of 1006 community-dwelling Japanese subjects without dementia, aged 60–79 y, were followed up for a median of 15 y. The reduced rank regression procedure was used to...
Authors: Mio Ozawa, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Tomoyuki Ohara, Yasufumi Doi, Kazuhiro Uchida, Tomoko Shirota, Koji Yonemoto, Takanari Kitazono, Yutaka Kiyohara

Fruit, Mediterranean-style, and high-fat and -sugar diets are associated with the risk of night sweats and hot flushes in midlife

submitted by: gcmherber
Background: Diet has been suggested to be a potential risk factor for vasomotor menopausal symptoms (VMS), i.e. hot flushes and night sweats. Objective: We investigated the associations between dietary patterns and risk of VMS using data from mid-aged women born between 1946 and 1951 in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health. Design: A prospective cohort study of 6,040 women with a natural menopause, who were followed up at three-year intervals over nine years. Dietary...
Authors: GCM Herber-Gast

Effect of periodontal disease on diabetes: systematic review of epidemiologic observational evidence

submitted by: WSB
Background: Periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus are common, chronic diseases worldwide. Epidemiologic and biologic evidence suggests periodontal disease may affect diabetes. Objective: To systematically review non-experimental, epidemiologic evidence for effects of periodontal disease on diabetes control, complications, and incidence. Data sources: Electronic bibliographic databases, supplemented by hand searches of recent and future issues of relevant journals. Study eligibility...
Authors: Wenche S. Borgnakke, Pekka V. Ylostalo, George W. Taylor, Robert R. Genco

Epidemiology of association between maternal periodontal disease & adverse pregnancy outcomes – systematic review

submitted by: Mark Ide
Aim: The aim of this systemic review was to evaluate epidemiologic data on the association between maternal periodontal disease and adverse pregnancy outcomes, namely preterm delivery, low birth weight / small for gestational age, preeclampsia and combinations of preterm and low birth weight. Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Registers were searched up to and including May 2012, supplemented by a broad hand search of relevant journals and online early peer-reviewed papers....
Authors: Mark Ide, Panos Panapanou

Incidence of Cutaneous Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Infections, 1980-2009

submitted by: WentzMR

Dr. Lisa Drage, Assistant Professor of Dermatology at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN, discusses her article appearing in the January 2013 issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings, which reveals a 3-fold increase in nontuberculous mycobacteria infections, verified by data collected from the Rochester Epidemiology Project. Available at: http://tinyurl.com/aaykljc