Fundamental principles in periodontal plastic surgery and mucosal augmentation - a narrative review

submitted by: Rino
Aim: To provide a narrative review of the current literature elaborating on fun- damental principles of periodontal plastic surgical procedures. Methods: Based on a presumptive outline of the narrative review, MESH terms have been used to search the relevant literature electronically in the PubMed and Cochrane Collaboration databases. If possible, systematic reviews were included. The review is divided into three phases associated with periodontal plastic sur- gery: a) pre-operative...
Authors: Rino Burkhardt

Crevicular fluid biomarkers and periodontal disease progression

submitted by: Janet Kinney
AIM: Assess the ability of a panel of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) biomarkers as predictors of periodontal disease progression (PDP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 individuals participated in a 12-month longitudinal investigation and categorized into 4 groups according to their periodontal status. GCF, clinical parameters, and saliva were collected bi-monthly. Sub-gingival plaque and serum were collected bi-annually. For 6 months, no periodontal treatment was provided. At 6-months,...
Authors: Thomas Braun, William Giannobile, Janet Kinney, Thiago Morelli, Min Oh, Christoph Ramseier, James Sugai

Horizontal ridge augmentation of the atrophic anterior maxilla using rhBMP-2/ACS or autogenous bone grafts: a proof-of-concept randomized clinical trial.

submitted by: rumoreno
AIM: To compare the effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in an absorbable collagen sponge carrier (ACS) with autogenous bone graft for augmentation of the edentulous atrophic anterior maxilla. METHODS: Twenty-four subjects were enrolled in a randomized, controlled, parallel-group, open-label clinical trial. Subjects either received rhBMP-2/ACS (1.5 mg/ml) or particulated autogenous bone harvested from the mandibular retromolar region. A titanium-mesh was used...
Authors: Rubens Freitas

External cervical resorption: an analysis using cone beam and microfocus computed tomography and scanning electron microscopy

submitted by: Aske
Aim: To provide a three-dimensional representation of external cervical resorption (ECR) with microscopy, stereo microscopy, cone beam computed tomography (CT), microfocus CT and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Summary: External cervical resorption is an aggressive form of root resorption, leading to a loss of dental hard tissues. This is due to clastic action, activated by a damage of the covering cementum and stimulated probably by infection. Clinically, it is a challenging...
Authors: V. Gunst, A. Mavridou, B. Huybrechts, G. Van Gorp, L. Bergmans, P. Lambrechts

Search strategies in systematic reviews in periodontology and implant dentistry

submitted by: Faggion
Objective: To perform an overview of literature search strategies in systematic reviews (SRs) published in periodontology and implant dentistry. Materials and Methods:Two electronic databases (PubMed and Cochrane Data- base of SRs) were searched, independently and in duplicate, for SRs with meta- analyses on interventions, with the last search performed on 11 November 2012. Manual searches of the reference lists of included SRs and 10 specialty dental jour- nals were conducted....
Authors: Clovis Faggion Jr., Momen Atieh, Stephanie Park

Disparity in embrasure fill and papilla height between tooth- and implant-borne fixed restorations in the anterior maxilla: a cross-sectional study

submitted by: jacosyn
Purpose: The objective of the present study was to compare interproximal fill and papilla height between different embrasures. Material and methods: One hundred and fifty non-smoking consecutive patients (mean age 54, range 32–73; 63 males and 87 females) without periodontal disease were selected in a multidisciplinary practice during regular supportive care. All had been treated for multiple tooth loss in the anterior maxilla at least one year earlier by means of a fixed restoration on...
Authors: Jan Cosyn, Hugo De Bruyn

Osteotome sinus floor elevation with or without grafting: a 3-year randomized controlled clinical trial

submitted by: Lai Hongchang
Aim: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic results of dental implant placed using osteotome sinus floor elevation (OSFE) with and without simultaneous grafting. Materials and Methods: Forty-five patients were randomly assigned into two groups: ?Group1: OSFE with deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) mixed with autogenous bone chips; ?Group2: OSFE without grafting. The endo-sinus bone gain (ESBG) was assessed on radiographs at 6, 12, 24, 36 months following surgery as primary outcome...
Authors: Mi-Si Si, Long-Fei Zhuang, Ying-Xin Gu, Jia-Ji Mo, Shi-Chong Qiao, Hong-Chang Lai

Metronidazole alone or with amoxicillin as adjuncts to non-surgical treatment of chronic periodontitis: a 1-year double-blinded, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial.

submitted by: mferes
AIM: To evaluate the effects of the adjunctive use of metronidazole (MTZ) or MTZ + amoxicillin (AMX) in the treatment of generalized chronic periodontitis (ChP). A secondary aim was to examine a possible added effect of chlorhexidine to these therapies. METHODS: One hundred and eighteen subjects received scaling and root planing (SRP) only or with MTZ [400 mg/thrice a day (TID)] or MTZ+AMX (500 mg/TID) for 14 days. Half of the subjects in each group rinsed with 0.12% chlorhexidine twice a...
Authors: Magda Feres

Differences in peri-implant conditions between fully and partially edentulous subjects: a systematic review

submitted by: waalycm
Aim: The aim of this study was to compare peri-implant conditions between fully edentulous (FES) and partially edentulous subjects (PES). Material and methods: A systematic review was conducted. The MEDLINE, EM- BASE and CENTRAL databases were searched for publications up to 1 January 2012. Studies reporting on the bleeding tendency of the peri-implant mucosa and/ or studies reporting on the prevalence of peri-implant mucositis and/or peri-im- plantitis were considered. Results:...
Authors: Y.C.M. de Waal, A.J. van Winkelhoff, H.J.A. Meijer, G.M. Raghoebar, E.G. Winkel

Science Nation - If These Teeth Could Talk

submitted by: nsf
With funding from the National Science Foundation, Peter Ungar is revealing more details about the lives of our human ancestors, and he's doing it through dentistry - sort of! The University of Arkansas anthropologist uses high tech dental scans to find out more about the diets of hominids, a technique that sometimes leads to new and very different conclusions. While anthropologists traditionally determine the diets of our ancestors by examining the size and shape of teeth and jaws, Ungar's...