Walk Scores and Transit Scores and Walking in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

submitted by: Jahirsch
Background: Walk Scores and Transit Scores are open-source measures of the neighborhood built environment to support walking (“walkability”) and access to transportation. Purpose: To investigate associations of Street Smart Walk Score and Transit Score with selfreported transport and leisure walking using data from a large multicity and diverse populationbased sample of adults. Methods: Data from a sample of 4552 residents of Baltimore MD, Chicago IL, Forsyth County NC, Los Angeles...
Authors: Jana Hirsch, Kari Moore, Kelly Evenson, Daniel Rodriguez, Ana Diez Roux

Theme: Geographic Information Systems and Childhood Obesity

submitted by: blytton
There is no single solution to the childhood obesity epidemic, but there is a need for transdisciplinary collaboration and approaches that consider the potential mechanisms that promote or reduce obesity at all levels of enquiry, from cells to society. In this theme issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, we focus on place (obesogenic and leptogenic environments), specifically the use of GIS, related technologies, and spatial analytical methods in the study of childhood...
Authors: Stephen A. Matthews, Celeste Marie Torio

The Stanford Healthy Neighborhood Discovery Tool: A Computerized Tool to Assess Active Living Environments

submitted by: mbuman
Background: The built environment can influence physical activity, particularly among older populations with impaired mobility. Existing tools to assess environmental features associated with walkability are often cumbersome, require extensive training, and are not readily available for use by community residents. Purpose: This project aimed to develop and evaluate the utility of a computerized, tablet-based participatory tool designed to engage older residents in identifying neighborhood...
Authors: Matthew Buman, Sandra Winter, Jylana Sheats, Eric Hekler, Jennifer Otten, Lauren Grieco, Abby King

Objective Assessment of Obesogenic Environments in Youth: Geographic Information System Methods and Spatial Findings from the Neighborhood Impact on Kids Study

submitted by: Lawrence Frank
Background GIS-based walkability measures designed to explain active travel fail to capture “playability” and proximity to healthy food. These constructs should be considered when measuring potential child obesogenic environments. Purpose The aim of this study was to describe the development of GIS-based multicomponent physical activity and nutrition environment indicators of child obesogenic environments in the San Diego and Seattle regions. Methods Block group–level...
Authors: Lawrence Frank, Brian E. Saelens, James Chapman, James Sallis, Jacqueline Kerr, Karen Glanz, Sarah C. Couch, Vincent Learnihan, Chuan Zhou, Trina Colburn, Kelli L. Cain

Integrating Social Capital Into a Park-Use and Active-Living Framework

submitted by: sbroyl
Background: Parks have been proposed as a feature of the built environment that may promote increased physical activity. Little, if any, research has investigated the role of the park social environment in promoting physical activity within parks, however. Purpose: To examine whether social capital is a collective feature of the park environment and whether it is associated with park use and park-based physical activity. Methods: Adult park users (n=222) were surveyed in 27 neighborhood...
Authors: Katherine Theall, Andrew Mowen, Stephanie Broyles, Jeanette Gustat, Ariane Rung

Saving the Environment: Green Skyscrapers, Creating a perfect tower

submitted by: melissaliu
Recent findings suggest that skyscrapers use up a lot of resources and have negative impacts to our natural environment. Because of the high population density and lack of land, building skyscrapers are necessary for some countries. However, the construction of traditional skyscrapers are completely not environmental friendly as it requires great amount of natural materials including steel, concrete and glass, therefore, building eco-towers will be the best solution to this environmental...

It Takes a Vision to Raise a Village: A Case Study of The Village at Market Creek

submitted by: Kristy Shields

This video is a short introduction to my Senior Research Project for the Urban Studies and Planning program at the University of California at San Diego.

Does Physical Design Actually Promote Pedestrianism?

submitted by: audrey07
Pedestrian friendly design features of the built environment are the denominator to challenging the car culture in Southern California, changing the habits of residents is the numerator to the Pedestrianism equation. Changing the middleclass Southern California residents’ car culture mindset and making them walk more instead of drive requires each individual’s desire to be in public spaces over private spaces and the function-ability of walking instead. A presumed walkable community,...

Measuring the Quality of Public Open Space Using Google Earth

submitted by: Bronwen_Taylor
Background: Proximity to public open space, such as parks and other green spaces, has considerable health benef?ts, and people have been shown to be more likely to use such space for physical activity if it is of high quality. This paper describes a new remote-assessment approach that makes use of Google Earth Pro (the free version of this program is Google Earth) to provide rapid and inexpensive measurement of the quality of public open space. Purpose: The aim of the study was to...
Authors: Bronwen Taylor, Peter Fernando, Adrian Bauman, Anna Williamson, Jonathan Craig, Sally Redman

The Bikeability and Walkability Evaluation Table: Reliability and Application

submitted by: shoedl
Background: With increased research on the influence of the built environment on physical activity, methods of assessing environmental attributes have to be developed according to different research requirements. Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the approach to develop and test a simple and eff?cient audit tool to get a quick overview of environmental characteristics along a route or in a neighborhood. Methods: Based on a selection of existing audit instruments, the...
Authors: Simon Hoedl, Sylvia Titze, Pekka Oja