Vinculin minds the endothelial gap

submitted by: JCB
The adhesions between endothelial cells transiently remodel in response to angiogenic growth factors and inflammatory cytokines. Huveneers et al. reveal that remodeling takes place at a subset of adhesions called focal adherens junctions, which recruit the mechanosensory protein Vinculin to resist tension from the actomyosin cytoskeleton and avoid excessive disruption during the remodeling process. This biosights episode presents the paper by Huveneers et al. from the March 5, 2012, issue of...

Adhesion, Signaling and Cancer: Part 3: Focal Adhesions as Stress Sensors (30:57)

submitted by: scivee-team
In the third segment of my seminar, I address a new frontier in cell biology, that is how cells respond to mechanical information. Cells and tissues are exposed to physical forces in vivo and excessive mechanical stress leads to a variety of pathological consequences. I describe a system for exposing cells to controlled mechanical stress and discuss the stretch response. We have discovered that the focal adhesion protein, zyxin, is exquisitely sensitive to mechanical stimulation and is...

Adhesion, Signaling and Cancer: Part 2: Discovery and Characterization of a Focal Adhesion Protein Implicated in Tumor Progression (50:54)

submitted by: scivee-team

In the second segment, I describe the identification of the focal adhesion protein, zyxin, by my lab. Recent work revealed that zyxin is down-regulated upon expression of the Ewing sarcoma oncoprotein, EWS-FLI. Loss of zyxin expression results in enhanced cell motility and is also associated with failed apoptotic signaling. Evidence that zyxin shuttles between focal adhesions and the nucleus is presented. The impact of reduced zyxin expression on tumor progression is discussed.