Dynein and kinesin generate nuclear power

submitted by: JCB
Many cellular processes, including polarization and differentiation, require the nucleus to move to a specific location within the cytoplasm. Fridolfsson and Starr reveal how the microtubule motors dynein and kinesin-1 control the bi-directional movements of nuclei in the embryonic hypoderm of C. elegans. This biosights episode presents the paper by Fridolfsson and Starr from the October 4, 2010 issue of The Journal of Cell Biology, and includes an interview with senior author Daniel Starr...

CyclinB1-Cdk1 Makes Its Move

submitted by: JCB
Cells drastically alter their structure at the onset of mitosis. Gavet and Pines reveal that the mitotic kinase CyclinB1-Cdk1 triggers its own nuclear import in prophase to ensure reorganization of the nucleus and cytoplasm is synchronized. This biosights episode presents the paper by Gavet and Pines from the April 19, 2010 issue of The Journal of Cell Biology, and includes an interview with senior author Jonathon Pines. Produced by Justin Paul and Ben Short. See the full article online...

The Dictyostelium type V myosin MyoJ is responsible for the cortical association and motility of contractile vacuole membranes

submitted by: JCB
The contractile vacuole (CV) complex in Dictyostelium is a tubulovesicular osmoregulatory organelle that exhibits extensive motility along the actin-rich cortex, providing a useful model for investigating myosin-dependent membrane transport. Here, we show that the type V myosin myoJ localizes to CV membranes and is required for efficient osmoregulation, the normal accumulation of CV membranes in the cortex, and the conversion of collapsed bladder membranes into outwardly radiating cortical...
Authors: G Jung, Ma Titus, Ja Hammer