Troubles with voters ... and those who try to fix them

Challenging Democracy - 9th Dialogue on Science of the Academia Engelberg Foundation 2010 Professor Arthur Lupia, University of Michigan, disagreed with the assumption according to which citizens know too little about politics these days. It is widely believed that citizens who cannot give correct answers to political questions make the wrong decisions. But for Lupia, this is the erroneous approach: "People can only make the right decisions if they have all the necessary information." It...

Why Democracy? A philosophical defence against the most subtle despisers

Challenging Democracy - 9th Dialogue on Science of the Academia Engelberg Foundation 2010 In his presentation, Professor Günter Abel from the Technical University of Berlin asked the question of whether society can provide reasons for an understanding of democracy beyond the stranglehold of the dichotomy between metaphysical absolutism and resigned relativism. He asked to leave behind the whole picture of the political as a space of truth and knowledge. Rather, one might conceive the...

Life, death and democracy

Challenging Democracy - 9th Dialogue on Science of the Academia Engelberg Foundation 2010 Life and death are traditional issues of democratic political reflection. They appear in different discussion contexts – from the question about life protection to death penalty. Over the past decades, technical-scientific developments have contributed to a new dynamic of the relation between death, life and politics. In his presentation, Professor Herbert Gottweis from the University of Vienna...

Challenges to democracy in the 21st century

Challenging Democracy - 9th Dialogue on Science of the Academia Engelberg Foundation 2010 In his introductory presentation, Professor Hanspeter Kriesi from the University of Zurich focused on the different areas of influence of economy and politics. That is why problems often arise. He stated that increasing globalization challenges basic requirements of democracy where decision-makers are approved by those who are affected by the decisions. However, this does not always apply in a...

Benign Violations: Making Immoral Behavior Funny

submitted by: apmcgraw
Humor is an important, ubiquitous phenomenon; however, seemingly disparate conditions seem to facilitate humor. We integrate these conditions by suggesting that laughter and amusement result from violations that are simultaneously seen as benign. We investigated three conditions that make a violation benign and thus humorous: (a) the presence of an alternative norm suggesting that the situation is acceptable, (b) weak commitment to the violated norm, and (c) psychological distance from...
Authors: Caleb Warren, A. peter Mcgraw

Alcohol Risk Management in College Settings The Safer California Universities Randomized Trial

submitted by: bsaltz
Context: Potentially effective environmental strategies have been recommended to reduce heavy alcohol use among college students. However, studies to date on environmental prevention strategies are few in number and have been limited by their nonexperimental designs, inadequate sample sizes, and lack of attention to settings where the majority of heavy drinking events occur. Purpose: To determine whether environmental prevention strategies targeting off-campus settings would reduce the...
Authors: Robert Saltz, Mj Paschall, Richard Mcgaffigan, Peter Nygaard