Why Democracy? A philosophical defence against the most subtle despisers

Challenging Democracy - 9th Dialogue on Science of the Academia Engelberg Foundation 2010 In his presentation, Professor Günter Abel from the Technical University of Berlin asked the question of whether society can provide reasons for an understanding of democracy beyond the stranglehold of the dichotomy between metaphysical absolutism and resigned relativism. He asked to leave behind the whole picture of the political as a space of truth and knowledge. Rather, one might conceive the...

Life, death and democracy

Challenging Democracy - 9th Dialogue on Science of the Academia Engelberg Foundation 2010 Life and death are traditional issues of democratic political reflection. They appear in different discussion contexts – from the question about life protection to death penalty. Over the past decades, technical-scientific developments have contributed to a new dynamic of the relation between death, life and politics. In his presentation, Professor Herbert Gottweis from the University of Vienna...

Benign Violations: Making Immoral Behavior Funny

submitted by: apmcgraw
Humor is an important, ubiquitous phenomenon; however, seemingly disparate conditions seem to facilitate humor. We integrate these conditions by suggesting that laughter and amusement result from violations that are simultaneously seen as benign. We investigated three conditions that make a violation benign and thus humorous: (a) the presence of an alternative norm suggesting that the situation is acceptable, (b) weak commitment to the violated norm, and (c) psychological distance from...
Authors: Caleb Warren, A. peter Mcgraw

Alcohol Risk Management in College Settings The Safer California Universities Randomized Trial

submitted by: bsaltz
Context: Potentially effective environmental strategies have been recommended to reduce heavy alcohol use among college students. However, studies to date on environmental prevention strategies are few in number and have been limited by their nonexperimental designs, inadequate sample sizes, and lack of attention to settings where the majority of heavy drinking events occur. Purpose: To determine whether environmental prevention strategies targeting off-campus settings would reduce the...
Authors: Robert Saltz, Mj Paschall, Richard Mcgaffigan, Peter Nygaard

Do Babies Learn From Baby Media?

submitted by: jd8d
In recent years, parents in the United States and worldwide have purchased enormous numbers of videos and DVDs designed and marketed for infants, many assuming that their children would benefit from watching them. We examined how many new words 12- to 18-month-old children learned from viewing a popular DVD several times a week for 4 weeks at home. The most important result was that children who viewed the DVD did not learn any more words from their monthlong exposure to it than did a...
Authors: Js Deloache, C Chiong

How Magic Changes Our Expectations About Autism

submitted by: GustavKuhn
In the vanishing-ball illusion, the magician’s social cues misdirect the audience’s expectations and attention so that the audience “sees” a ball vanish in the air. Because individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are less sensitive to social cues and have superior perception for nonsocial details compared with typically developing individuals, we predicted that they would be less susceptible to the illusion. Surprisingly, the opposite result was found, as individuals with ASD...
Authors: Anastasia Kourkoulou, Gustav Kuhn, Susan r. Leekam