Weight loss, weight maintenance, and adaptive thermogenesis

submitted by: stefancamps
Background: Diet-induced weight loss is accompanied by adaptive thermogenesis, ie, a disproportional or greater than expected reduction of resting metabolic rate (RMR). Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether adaptive thermogenesis is sustained during weight maintenance after weight loss. Design: Subjects were 22 men and 69 women [mean 6 SD age: 40 6 9 y; body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2): 31.9 6 3.0]. They followed a very-low-energy diet for 8 wk, followed by a...
Authors: Stefan Camps, Sanne Verhoef, Klaas Westerterp

Earlier introduction of ‘agüitas’ is associated with higher risk for stunting among infants and toddlers in the Western Highlands of Guatemala

submitted by: cmdoak
Background: In many cultures, simple herbal infusions, thin gruels or sweetened water (‘agüitas’ in Guatemalan parlance) are given to infants and toddlers. Formative research shows the use of agüitas in early child feeding to be deeply embedded in Guatemalan culture. Objective: To examine the prevalence and timing of introduction of agüitas during early life in a low-income population of metropolitan Quetzaltenango in relation to child stunting. Design: Responses from 456 mothers of...
Authors: Colleen M. Doak, Robine E. van der Starre, Ilse van Beusekom, Maiza Campos Ponce, Marieke Vossenaar, Noel W. Solomons

Defining UPLB’s Role in Philippine Plant Natural Products’ Research and Development in the Early 21st Century

submitted by: UP Los Baños

Documentation of the UPLB Centennial Professorial Lecture on "Defining UPLB’s Role in Philippine Plant Natural Products’ Research and Development in the Early 21st Century" by Dr. Lourdes B. Cardenas, Professor, Institute of Biological Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, UP Los Baños on February 26, 2013 at the SEARCA Drilon Hall, UPLB, College, Laguna, Philippines.

SYMPHONY OF ATOMS - VARIATON NUMBER 1

submitted by: Jaime Aguirre
When Newlands made an analogy between his Law of Octaves and the musical scale he was laughed at by the members of the English Chemical Society, and his paper describing this law was rejected. But Newlands was not so disparate. Seeking musical patterns in natural phenomena has been a frequent endeavour throughout history. The Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras of Samos argued that celestial bodies in rotation gave off pitched sounds that blended into a cosmic harmony, which he...

SYMPHONY OF MATTER

submitted by: Jaime Aguirre
According to the Big Bang theory, after inflation stopped, the universe consisted of a quark–gluon plasma, as well as all other elementary particles. A few seconds later, quarks and gluons combined to form baryons such as protons and neutrons. The first nuclei were formed about three minutes after the Big Bang; neutrons combined with protons to form the hydrogen and helium content of the first stars. This process is called Big Bang nucleosynthesis. In the Big Bang nucleosynthesis...

PERIODIC CHARTS AT AN EXHIBITION

submitted by: Jaime Aguirre
When Newlands made an analogy between his Law of Octaves and the musical scale he was ridiculed by the members of the English Chemical Society, and his paper describing this law was rejected. But Newlands was not so incongruent. Seeking musical patterns in natural phenomena has been a frequent endeavor throughout history. The Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras of Samos argued that celestial bodies in rotation gave off pitched sounds that blended into a cosmic harmony, which he...