biosights: October 27, 2014 - Epithelial cells make changes at the top

submitted by: JCB
The apical surfaces of polarized epithelia are covered by short, actin-rich protrusions called microvilli, but what happens to these structures when cells detach from a monolayer during development or disease is unclear. Klingner et al. reveal that non-confluent epithelial cells form longer, more dynamic microvilli on their apical surface that connect to a cortical actomyosin network. This biosights episode presents the paper by Klingner et al. from the October 13, 2014, issue of The Journal...

biosights: September 29, 2014 - Cdc42 prompts a change of heart

submitted by: JCB
The Drosophila heart is a simple tubular structure with a central lumen. Vogler et al. reveal that the small GTPase Cdc42 and actin-nucleating formin proteins promote lumen formation by regulating the dynamics of non-muscle myosin in cardioblasts during heart morphogenesis. This biosights episode presents the paper by Vogler et al. from the September 29, 2014, issue of The Journal of Cell Biology and includes an interview with two of the paper's authors, Georg Vogler and Rolf Bodmer...

biosights: September 1, 2014 - Deploying exosomes in a battle of the sexes

submitted by: JCB
The paired accessory glands of male Drosophila secrete multiple signaling factors into the seminal fluid that promote reproductive success by altering the recipient female's physiology and behavior. Corrigan et al. reveal that the secondary cells of accessory glands secrete membrane-bound exosomes in a BMP-dependent manner that, after being transferred into the female reproductive tract, inhibit the female's inclination to re-mate with other male flies. This biosights episode presents the...

MyD88 knockout mice develop initial enlarged periapical

AIM: To characterize the formation and progression of experimentally induced periapical lesions in teeth of MyD88 knockout (MyD88 KO) mice compared with wild-type (WT) mice. METHODOLOGY: Periapical lesions were induced in the mandibular first molars of 30 WT and 30 MyD88 KO mice. After 7, 21 and 42 days, the animals were euthanized and the mandibles were subjected to histotechnical processing. Histological sections were stained with haematoxylin and eosin (HE), TRAP histoenzymology,...
Authors: Raquel Assed Bezerra da Silva, Paulo Nelson-Filho, Marília Pacífico Lucisano, Andiara De Rossi, Alexandra Mussolino de Queiroz, Lea Assed Bezerra da Silva

biosights: August 4, 2014 - Rok keeps its finger on the pulse of apical constriction

submitted by: JCB
Early in Drosophila embryogenesis, contractile pulses of myosin assembly and disassembly constrict the apical domains of a group of epithelial cells to drive their invagination into a ventral furrow. Vasquez et al. reveal that Rho kinase and myosin phosphatase dynamically regulate these myosin pulses and that the stepwise constriction resulting from this helps maintain tissue integrity during epithelial invagination. This biosights episode presents the paper by Vasquez et al. from the August...

Eddy Rubin at the 2014 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting

submitted by: JGI
Eddy Rubin, DOE JGI Director, at the 9th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 19, 2014 in Walnut Creek, Calif. The talk is related to a study published in the journal Science - details at http://jgi.doe.gov/glimpse-natures-looking-glass-to-find-the-genetic-cod... .