Association between water consumption and body weight outcomes: a systematic review

submitted by: Rebecca
BACKGROUND Drinking water is often applied as a dietary means for weight loss and overweight/obesity prevention, but no evidence-based recommendation exists for this indication. OBJECTIVE We summarized the existing evidence on the association between water consumption and body weight outcomes in adults of any body weight status. DESIGN In a systematic review, we retrieved studies from 4 electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and COCHRANE), cross-references by PubMed functions...
Authors: R Muckelbauer, G Sarganas, A Grüneis, J Müller-Nordhorn

Weight-loss diets in people with type 2 diabetes and renal disease: a randomized controlled trial of the effect of different dietary protein amounts

submitted by: Peter Clifton
ABSTRACT Background: Higher-protein weight-loss diets (defined as >25% of energy as protein) are not recommended for individuals with type 2 diabetes because of their potential adverse effect on renal function. Objective: We aimed to examine the effect of such diets on renal function over 12 mo in people with type 2 diabetes and early renal disease. Design: Overweight and obese people with type 2 diabetes were screened to identify those with an albumin:creatinine ratio from 3 to...
Authors: David Jesudason, Eva Pedersen, Peter Clifton

Walk Scores and Transit Scores and Walking in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

submitted by: Jahirsch
Background: Walk Scores and Transit Scores are open-source measures of the neighborhood built environment to support walking (“walkability”) and access to transportation. Purpose: To investigate associations of Street Smart Walk Score and Transit Score with selfreported transport and leisure walking using data from a large multicity and diverse populationbased sample of adults. Methods: Data from a sample of 4552 residents of Baltimore MD, Chicago IL, Forsyth County NC, Los Angeles...
Authors: Jana Hirsch, Kari Moore, Kelly Evenson, Daniel Rodriguez, Ana Diez Roux

Search strategies in systematic reviews in periodontology and implant dentistry

submitted by: Faggion
Objective: To perform an overview of literature search strategies in systematic reviews (SRs) published in periodontology and implant dentistry. Materials and Methods:Two electronic databases (PubMed and Cochrane Data- base of SRs) were searched, independently and in duplicate, for SRs with meta- analyses on interventions, with the last search performed on 11 November 2012. Manual searches of the reference lists of included SRs and 10 specialty dental jour- nals were conducted....
Authors: Clovis Faggion Jr., Momen Atieh, Stephanie Park

Diet, microbiota, and microbial metabolites in colon cancer risk in rural Africans and African Americans

submitted by: sjokeefe
Background: Epidemiologic studies have suggested that most cases of sporadic colon cancer can be attributed to diet. The recognition that colonic microbiota have a major influence on colonic health suggests that they might mediate colonic carcinogenesis. Objective: To examine the hypothesis that the influence of diet on colon cancer risk is mediated by the microbiota through their metabolites, we measured differences in colonic microbes and their metabolites in African Americans with a...
Authors: Junhai Ou, Franck Carbonero, Erwin G Zoetendal, James P DeLany, Mei Wang, Keith Newton, H Rex Gaskins, Stephen JD O’Keefe

Disparity in embrasure fill and papilla height between tooth- and implant-borne fixed restorations in the anterior maxilla: a cross-sectional study

submitted by: jacosyn
Purpose: The objective of the present study was to compare interproximal fill and papilla height between different embrasures. Material and methods: One hundred and fifty non-smoking consecutive patients (mean age 54, range 32–73; 63 males and 87 females) without periodontal disease were selected in a multidisciplinary practice during regular supportive care. All had been treated for multiple tooth loss in the anterior maxilla at least one year earlier by means of a fixed restoration on...
Authors: Jan Cosyn, Hugo De Bruyn