The Back-Up: Plan B

submitted by: PlanB

An informative video to clarify any misconceptions about and promote the proper use of emergency contraceptives, i.e. Plan B.

iCONCUR: informed CONsent for Clinical data Use for Research

submitted by: ucsd_idash
iCONCUR: informed CONsent for Clinical data Use for Research Date: Fri May 17, 2013 Host: Lucila Ohno-Machado University of California San Diego ABSTRACT Biomedical research and healthcare improvements are accelerating through the sharing of data and use of predictive analytics on these data. Sources of data include electronic health record systems, clinical trial management systems, and personal monitoring devices—each with its own regulations for data use in research and quality...

Consumer attitudes and understanding of low sodium claims on food: An analysis of healthy and hypertensive individuals

submitted by: Christina.L.Wong
Background: Sodium-related claims on food labels should facilitate lower-sodium food choices; however, consumer attitudes and understanding of such claims are unknown. Objectives: We evaluated consumer attitudes and understanding of different types of sodium claims and the effect of having hypertension on responses to such claims. Design: Canadian consumers (n = 506), with and without hypertension, completed an online survey that contained a randomized mock package experiment, which...
Authors: Christina Wong, JoAnne Arcand, Julio Mendoza, Spencer Henson, Ying Qi, Wendy Lou, Mary L'Abbé

Effect of preterm birth and birth weight on eating behavior at 2 years

submitted by: valama
ABSTRACT Background: Preterm infants frequently present eating difficulties in early childhood. Determinants of these difficulties are not known. Objective: We assessed the influence of neonatal and maternal characteristics on eating behaviors at 2 y of age. Design: The following 2 cohorts were compared: 234 preterm children born ,33 wk of gestational age from the POLYmorphisme ge´ne´tique, Nutrition et Comportement Alimentaire cohort and 245 term children from the Observation des...
Authors: Audrey Migraine, Sophie Nicklaus, Patricia Parnet, Christine Lange, Sandrine Monnery-Patris, Clotilde Desrobert, Dominique Darmaun, Cyril Flamant, Valerie Amarger, Jean-Christophe Rozé

Grape Powder Supplementation Prevents Oxidative Stress–Induced Anxiety-Like Behavior, Memory Impairment, and High Blood Pressure in Rats

submitted by: ssalim
We examined whether or not grape powder treatment ameliorates oxidative stress–induced anxiety-like behavior, memory impairment, and hypertension in rats. Oxidative stress in Sprague-Dawley rats was produced by using L-buthionine- (S,R)-sulfoximine (BSO). Four groups of rats were used: 1) control (C; injected with vehicle and provided with tap water), 2) grape powder–treated (GP; injected with vehicle and provided for 3 wk with 15 g/L grape powder dissolved in tap water), 3)...
Authors: Farida Allam, An Dao, Gaurav Chugh, Ritu Bohat, Faizan Jafri, Gaurav Patki, Christopher Mowrey, Mohammad Asghar, Karim Alkadhi, Samina Salim

Low folate status enhances pregnancy changes in plasma betaine and dimethylglycine concentrations and the association between betaine and homocysteine

submitted by: Michelle Murphy
ABSTRACT Background: Folate, choline, and betaine participate in homocysteine metabolism. It is not known whether they interact during pregnancy. Objective: The objective was to investigate how folate status affects choline, betaine, and dimethylglycine during pregnancy. Design: Fasting plasma folate, cobalamin, free choline, betaine, dimethylglycine, and total homocysteine (tHcy) were measured longitudinally at ,12, 15, 24–27, and 34 gestational weeks (GW); at labor (nonfasting);...
Authors: Silvia Fernandez-Roig, Michelle M Murphy