The addition of soft tissue replacement grafts in plastic periodontal and implant surgery: critical elements in design and execution

submitted by: Otto Zuhr
Soft tissue replacement grafts have become a substantial element to increase tissue volume in plastic periodontal and implant surgery. Autogenous subepithelial connective tissue grafts are increasingly applied in aesthetic indications like soft tissue thickening, recession treatment, ridge preservation, soft tissue ridge augmentation and papilla reconstruction. For the clinical performance of connective tissue graft harvesting and transplantation, a fundamental understanding of the anatomy...
Authors: Daniel Bäumer, Markus Hürzeler, Otto Zuhr

Zinc supplementation improves bone density in patients with thalassemia: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial

submitted by: efung
BACKGROUND: Patients with thalassemia major (Thal) frequently have low plasma zinc, which has been associated with low bone mass. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the effect of zinc supplementation on bone mass in patients with Thal. DESIGN: Forty-two subjects (21 females aged 10-30 y) with Thal and low bone mass were randomly assigned to receive 25 mg Zn/d or placebo. Bone mineral content (BMC) and areal bone mineral density (aBMD) were assessed by using dual-energy X-ray...
Authors: Ellen B. Fung, Janet L. Kwiatkowski, James N. Huang, Ginny Gildengorin, Janet C. King, Elliott P. Vichinsky

Maternal knowledge following nutrition behavior change communication is conditional upon both health workers’ knowledge and knowledge sharing efficacy in rural Haiti

submitted by: mduduzi
In the context of a food assistance program in rural Haiti, we developed measures of the effectiveness of community health worker (CHW)-delivered behavior change communication (BCC). We administered knowledge tests to 954 mothers and 38 CHWs to define 4 measures: CHW knowledge, maternal knowledge, knowledge-sharing efficacy (proportion of CHW knowledge shared), and shared correct knowledge between the CHWs and the mothers with whom they interacted. On the basis of the tests, CHWs had high...
Authors: Mduduzi Mbuya

Extraction sockets: erratic healing impeding factors

submitted by: freetist
Aim: The aim of this exploratory study was to analyse prevalence of extraction sockets showing erratic healing and evaluate factors potentially impeding healing. Methods: Erratic healing was defined as extraction sites showing clinical observations of fibrous scar tissue occupying the extraction site rather than bone following 12 or more weeks of healing. Computerized tomography was used to evaluate characteristics and calculate Hounsfield unit scores for sites showing erratic healing....
Authors: Jung-Hoon Kim, Cristiano Susin, Jeong-Hyun Min, Hee-Yeon Suh, Eun-Jung Sang, Young Ku, Ulf M. E. Wikesjo, Ki-Tae Koo

Cobalamin supplementation improves motor development and regurgitations in infants: results from a randomized intervention study

Background: During infancy, minor developmental delays and gas- trointestinal complaints are common, as is a biochemical profile in- dicative of impaired cobalamin status. Objective: We investigated whether cobalamin supplementation can improve development or symptoms in infants with biochemical signs of impaired cobalamin function and developmental delay or feeding difficulties. Design: Infants ,8 mo of age (n = 105) who were referred for feeding difficulties, subtle neurologic...
Authors: Anne-Lise Bjørke-Monsen, Trond Markestad, Ingrid Torsvik, Per Magne Ueland

Belief beyond the evidence: using the presumed effect of breakfast on obesity

submitted by: awbrown
Background: Various intentional and unintentional factors in?uence beliefs beyond what scienti?c evidence justi?es. Two such factors are research lacking probative value (RLPV) and biased research reporting (BRR). Objective: We investigated the prevalence of RLPV and BRR in research about the proposition that skipping breakfast causes weight gain, which is called the proposed effect of breakfast on obesity (PEBO) in this article. Design: Studies related to the PEBO were synthesized...
Authors: David Allison, Michelle Bohan Brown, Andrew Brown