Cobalamin and haptocorrin in Human Milk and Cobalamin-related variables in mother and child: A 9-mo longitudinal study

submitted by: Eva Greibe
BACKGROUND:Measurement of milk cobalamin is hampered by the high content of the cobalamin-binding protein haptocorrin, and limited data are available relating trustworthy measures of milk cobalamin to cobalamin status in healthy mothers and their children. OBJECTIVES:The objectives were to explore the concentration of cobalamin and haptocorrin in foremilk and hindmilk during the first 9 mo of lactation and to relate these results to biomarkers of an impaired cobalamin status of mother and...
Authors: E Greibe, D Lildballe, S Streym, P Vestergaard, L Rejnmark, L Mosekilde, E Nexo

Age, dietary fiber, breath methane and fecal short chain fatty acids are interrelated in archaea positive humans

submitted by: Judlyn Fernandes
Recent attention has focused on the significance of colonic Archaea in human health and energy metabolism. The main objectives of this study were to determine the associations among the number of fecal Archaea, body mass index (BMI), fecal short chain fatty acid (SCFA) concentrations, and dietary intakes of healthy humans. We collected demographic information, 3-d diet records, and breath and fecal samples from 95 healthy participants who were divided into 2 groups: detectable Archaea...
Authors: Judlyn Fernandes, Angela Wang, Wen Su, Sari Rozenbloom, Amel Taibi, Elena Comelli, Thomas Wolever

MWV Episode 74 - David Bhella - Electron-cryomicroscopy

submitted by: MicrobeWorld
Dr. David Bhella studies the structural components of viruses using the techniques of electron-cryomicroscopy and image analysis. In addition to his research, David participates with the Glasgow Science Centre in public outreach to help teach students the processes behind his science. Due to his work, David received the 2013 Peter Wildy Prize for Microbiology Education. David's acceptance speech detailed his work with students as well as the stunning images he has produced through his...

Liquid Crystals of nanoDNA: Hierarchical Self-Assembly and Selection

submitted by: icamvid

Liquid Crystals of nanoDNA: Hierarchical Self-Assembly and Selection by Dr. Noel Clark, University of Colorado at Boulder

Association between water consumption and body weight outcomes: a systematic review

submitted by: Rebecca
BACKGROUND Drinking water is often applied as a dietary means for weight loss and overweight/obesity prevention, but no evidence-based recommendation exists for this indication. OBJECTIVE We summarized the existing evidence on the association between water consumption and body weight outcomes in adults of any body weight status. DESIGN In a systematic review, we retrieved studies from 4 electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and COCHRANE), cross-references by PubMed functions...
Authors: R Muckelbauer, G Sarganas, A Grüneis, J Müller-Nordhorn

biosights: July 8, 2013 - Vinculin delivers a clutch performance

submitted by: JCB
At the leading edge of migrating cells, actin assembly and membrane protrusion are closely coupled with the formation of integrin-based focal adhesions that attach to the extracellular matrix. Thievessen et al. reveal that the focal adhesion protein vinculin acts as part of a molecular clutch that engages actin flow to coordinate actin and focal adhesion dynamics. This biosights episode presents the paper by Thievessen et al. from the July 8, 2013, issue of The Journal of Cell Biology and...