Cobalamin and haptocorrin in Human Milk and Cobalamin-related variables in mother and child: A 9-mo longitudinal study

submitted by: Eva Greibe
BACKGROUND:Measurement of milk cobalamin is hampered by the high content of the cobalamin-binding protein haptocorrin, and limited data are available relating trustworthy measures of milk cobalamin to cobalamin status in healthy mothers and their children. OBJECTIVES:The objectives were to explore the concentration of cobalamin and haptocorrin in foremilk and hindmilk during the first 9 mo of lactation and to relate these results to biomarkers of an impaired cobalamin status of mother and...
Authors: E Greibe, D Lildballe, S Streym, P Vestergaard, L Rejnmark, L Mosekilde, E Nexo

Age, dietary fiber, breath methane and fecal short chain fatty acids are interrelated in archaea positive humans

submitted by: Judlyn Fernandes
Recent attention has focused on the significance of colonic Archaea in human health and energy metabolism. The main objectives of this study were to determine the associations among the number of fecal Archaea, body mass index (BMI), fecal short chain fatty acid (SCFA) concentrations, and dietary intakes of healthy humans. We collected demographic information, 3-d diet records, and breath and fecal samples from 95 healthy participants who were divided into 2 groups: detectable Archaea...
Authors: Judlyn Fernandes, Angela Wang, Wen Su, Sari Rozenbloom, Amel Taibi, Elena Comelli, Thomas Wolever

What Is Alzheimers

submitted by: ZekelHealthcare

By 2010 there will be one-half million patients per year. By 2050 that number will reach one million new patients per year. Globally, there are approximately 26 ½ million patients with Alzheimer’s disease that is roughly 1 in 8! Every 71 seconds today, someone in America develops Alzheimer’s disease!

Walk Scores and Transit Scores and Walking in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

submitted by: Jahirsch
Background: Walk Scores and Transit Scores are open-source measures of the neighborhood built environment to support walking (“walkability”) and access to transportation. Purpose: To investigate associations of Street Smart Walk Score and Transit Score with selfreported transport and leisure walking using data from a large multicity and diverse populationbased sample of adults. Methods: Data from a sample of 4552 residents of Baltimore MD, Chicago IL, Forsyth County NC, Los Angeles...
Authors: Jana Hirsch, Kari Moore, Kelly Evenson, Daniel Rodriguez, Ana Diez Roux

School-Day and Overall Physical Activity Among Youth

submitted by: MichaelLong
Background: Increasing school-day physical activity through policy and programs is commonly suggested to prevent obesity and improve overall child health. However, strategies that focus on school-day physical activity may not increase total physical activity if youth compensate by reducing physical activity outside of school. Purpose: Objectively measured, nationally representative physical activity data were used to test the hypothesis that higher school-day physical activity is...
Authors: Michael Long, Arthur Sobol, Angie Cradock, SV Subramanian, Robert Blendon, Steven Gortmaker

Search strategies in systematic reviews in periodontology and implant dentistry

submitted by: Faggion
Objective: To perform an overview of literature search strategies in systematic reviews (SRs) published in periodontology and implant dentistry. Materials and Methods:Two electronic databases (PubMed and Cochrane Data- base of SRs) were searched, independently and in duplicate, for SRs with meta- analyses on interventions, with the last search performed on 11 November 2012. Manual searches of the reference lists of included SRs and 10 specialty dental jour- nals were conducted....
Authors: Clovis Faggion Jr., Momen Atieh, Stephanie Park