School-Day and Overall Physical Activity Among Youth

submitted by: MichaelLong
Background: Increasing school-day physical activity through policy and programs is commonly suggested to prevent obesity and improve overall child health. However, strategies that focus on school-day physical activity may not increase total physical activity if youth compensate by reducing physical activity outside of school. Purpose: Objectively measured, nationally representative physical activity data were used to test the hypothesis that higher school-day physical activity is...
Authors: Michael Long, Arthur Sobol, Angie Cradock, SV Subramanian, Robert Blendon, Steven Gortmaker

Search strategies in systematic reviews in periodontology and implant dentistry

submitted by: Faggion
Objective: To perform an overview of literature search strategies in systematic reviews (SRs) published in periodontology and implant dentistry. Materials and Methods:Two electronic databases (PubMed and Cochrane Data- base of SRs) were searched, independently and in duplicate, for SRs with meta- analyses on interventions, with the last search performed on 11 November 2012. Manual searches of the reference lists of included SRs and 10 specialty dental jour- nals were conducted....
Authors: Clovis Faggion Jr., Momen Atieh, Stephanie Park

Diet, microbiota, and microbial metabolites in colon cancer risk in rural Africans and African Americans

submitted by: sjokeefe
Background: Epidemiologic studies have suggested that most cases of sporadic colon cancer can be attributed to diet. The recognition that colonic microbiota have a major influence on colonic health suggests that they might mediate colonic carcinogenesis. Objective: To examine the hypothesis that the influence of diet on colon cancer risk is mediated by the microbiota through their metabolites, we measured differences in colonic microbes and their metabolites in African Americans with a...
Authors: Junhai Ou, Franck Carbonero, Erwin G Zoetendal, James P DeLany, Mei Wang, Keith Newton, H Rex Gaskins, Stephen JD O’Keefe

Disparity in embrasure fill and papilla height between tooth- and implant-borne fixed restorations in the anterior maxilla: a cross-sectional study

submitted by: jacosyn
Purpose: The objective of the present study was to compare interproximal fill and papilla height between different embrasures. Material and methods: One hundred and fifty non-smoking consecutive patients (mean age 54, range 32–73; 63 males and 87 females) without periodontal disease were selected in a multidisciplinary practice during regular supportive care. All had been treated for multiple tooth loss in the anterior maxilla at least one year earlier by means of a fixed restoration on...
Authors: Jan Cosyn, Hugo De Bruyn

A videoscope for use in minimally invasive periodontal surgery

submitted by: skharrel
Abstract Introduction: Minimally invasive periodontal procedures have been reported to produce excellent clinical results. Visualization during minimally invasive procedures has traditionally been obtained by the use of surgical telescopes, surgical microscopes, glass fibre endoscopes or a combination of these devices. All of these methods for visualization are less than fully satisfactory due to problems with access, magnification and blurred imaging. Clinical Innovation: A...
Authors: SK Harrel, TG Wilson Jr, F Rivera-Hidalgo

Introduction to WPATH Student Initiative's Graduate Student Symposium

submitted by: ColtMeier

The graduate student symposium showcases the latest research in transgender health from graduate students, post-doctoral fellows, and other advanced research trainees across a variety of academic disciplines.