Monomer and linkage type of galacto-oligosaccharides affects their resistance to ileal digestion and prebiotic properties in rats

submitted by: alfonso
A detailed study was performed to compare the in vivo ileal digestibility and modulatory effects in fecal microbiota of novel galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) derived from lactulose [GOS-Lu; degree of polymerization (DP) $2, 14.0% trisaccharides] and commercial GOS derived from lactose (GOS-La; DP $3, 35.1% trisaccharides) in growing rats (5 wk old). Rats were fed either a control diet or diets containing 1% (wt:wt) of GOS-Lu or GOS-La for 14 d. Quantitative analysis of carbohydrates from...
Authors: Alfonso Clemente

Role of Video Games in Improving Health-Related Outcomes

submitted by: brianprimack
Context: Video games represent amultibillion-dollar industry in the U.S. Although video gaming has been associated with many negative health consequences, it also may be useful for therapeutic purposes. The goal of this study was to determine whether video games may be useful in improving health outcomes. Evidence acquisition: Literature searches were performed in February 2010 in six databases: the Center on Media and Child Health Database of Research, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, EMBASE,...
Authors: Brian A. Primack, Mary V. Carroll, Megan McNamara, Mary Lou Klem, Brandy King, Michael Rich, Chun W. Chan, Smita Nayak

Effects of n-6 PUFAs compared with SFAs on liver fat, lipoproteins, and inflammation in abdominal obesity: a randomized controlled trial

submitted by: Iggman
ABSTRACT Background: Replacing SFAs with vegetable PUFAs has cardiometabolic benefits, but the effects on liver fat are unknown. Increased dietary n-6 PUFAs have, however, also been proposed to promote inflammation—a yet unproven theory. Objective: We investigated the effects of PUFAs on liver fat, systemic inflammation, and metabolic disorders. Design: We randomly assigned 67 abdominally obese subjects (15% had type 2 diabetes) to a 10-wk isocaloric diet high in vegetable n-6...
Authors: Helena Bjermo

Tips to Help Kids Avoid Adult Cancers

submitted by: mdanderson

Beverly Gor, Ed.D., postdoctoral fellow in the Center for Health Equity and Evaluation Research at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses healthy lifestyle choices you can make for your children to help prevent the development of certain adult cancers; such as prostate, breast and colon. Gor stresses the importance of healthy nutrition and exercise to reduce the risk of developing cancer later in life.

Fred Gmitter at the 2012 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting

submitted by: JGI

Fred Gmitter from the University of Florida on "Applications of Genome-based Science in Shaping the Future of the World's Citrus Industries" at the 7th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 21, 2012 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

Retail Grocery Store Marketing Strategies and Obesity: An Integrative Review

submitted by: kglanz
Context: In-store food marketing can influence food-purchasing behaviors and warrants increased attention given the dramatic rise in obesity. Descriptive and experimental studies of key marketing components have been conducted by consumer scientists, marketing researchers, and public health experts. This review synthesizes research and publications from industry and academic sources and provides direction for developing and evaluating promising interventions. Evidence acquisition:...
Authors: Karen Glanz, Michael D.M. Bader, Shally Iyer