Before gentrification was used to revitalize inner-city neighborhoods, the
federal government destroyed and rebuilt to address blight, causing
extreme displacement. Extensive criticism of ‘urban renewal’, a U.S.
program of land redevelopment in urban areas involving the destruction
of slum housing, businesses, the relocation of people, and the use of
eminent domain, transformed that program into an ‘urban revitalization’
process following two themes: historic preservation and a...